The Realization of Figure and Background in Li Qingzhao’s Poems

Lijun FANG, Fenfen GUAN



The rapidly rising cognitive poetics at the late 20th century is the novel interdisciplinary scientific tool between cognitive linguistics and literary criticism to interpret literary works. Figure and background separation principle is one of its main researches. Initially using this principle to study literary works, Stockwell and Tsur focus on the readers’ psychological cognitive mechanisms involved in comprehending literary discourse and conclude that figure and ground segregation principle are the fundamental characteristics of literary stylistic analysis. This paper mainly discusses its realization in Li Qingzhao’s poems and Ci-poems and its effects on formation of artistic conception, in hope of providing a new model for studying Chinese classical poems.


La montée rapide poétique cognitive à la fin du XXe siècle est le nouvel outil scientifique interdisciplinaire entre la linguistique cognitive et critique littéraire pour interpréter des œuvres littéraires. Principe de séparation de la figure et le fond est l’une de ses principales recherches. Initialement à l’aide de ce principe pour étudier des œuvres littéraires, Stockwell et Tsur mettre l’accent sur les mécanismes cognitifs psychologiques du lecteur impliquant à comprendre le discours littéraire et concluent que le principe de ségrégation de la figure et le sol est les caractéristiques fondamentales de l’analyse stylistique littéraire. Cet article traite principalement de sa réalisation dans les poèmes de Li Qingzhao et Ci-poèmes et ses effets sur la formation de la conception artistique, dans l’espoir d’offrir un nouveau modèle pour l’étude des poèmes classiques chinois



Figure and ground theory; Cognitive poetics; Realization; Foregrounding

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