Vulnerability to Cardiovasular Diseases among Senior Civil Servants in Ekiti State, Nigeria: Implications for Health Education

Ajoke Olukemi AWOSUSI, Joel. A. ADEGUN

Abstract


This study examined vulnerability to cardio vascular disease among senior civil servants in Ekiti-State and implications for health education. Ekiti State otherwise called fountain of knowledge is known for academic attainment where majority of the populace are educated but the poor level of economic development made civil service the widely accepted job option for the populace. Civil Service includes secondary schools, ministries and parastatals. The study design used was descriptive survey. Ado Local Government was purposefully selected while Ado-Ekiti the only major town in Ado Local Government Area was used for the study because all the ministries headquarters are located in Ado-Ekiti the state capital. Data for this study were collected from primary sources using a total number of three hundred senior civil servants with salary scale within 14 and 16, who were randomly selected using simple random and stratified sampling technique from the ministries, parastatals and secondary schools. Two hundred and eighty copies of the administered instrument which were duly completed and returned, giving 93 percent returned rate were analyzed. A standardized Arizona Heart Institute cardiovascular Risk factor analysis questionnaire was adopted. The data collected were analyzed using frequency and percentages. The study revealed that 168 (60%) respondents were male while 112 (40%) were female. Using the scoring method provided by the risk factor analysis, it was revealed that men had high risk factors while women had low risk factors. The body mass index calculated also showed that male senior civil servants are overweight than their female counterparts. It was therefore recommended that, conducting enlightenment campaign would create awareness on the risk factors to cardiovascular diseases which would reduce the vulnerability rate. Regular medical checkup in work place would help in early identification of the non-modifiable risk factors and prompt treatment of such condition. Finally, keep fit exercise should be organized regularly for senior civil servants by the state government.
Key words: Cardiovascular Diseases; Civil Servants; Vulnerability; Implication and Health Education

Resumé: Cette étude a examiné la vulnérabilité des maladies cardiovasculaires chez les hauts fonctionnaires de l'état d'Ekiti, et les implications pour l'éducation sanitaire. L'état d'Ekiti, autrement appelé la fontaine de la connaissance, est connu pour les résultats scolaires où la majorité de la population sont scolarisée, mais le niveau de développement économique faible a rendu la fonction publique l'option d'emploi largement acceptée par la population. La fonction publique comprend les écoles secondaires, les ministères et les organismes parapublics. Le modèle d'étude utilisé est l'enquête descriptive. Le gouvernement local d'Ado a été délibérément choisi alors que Ado-Ekiti, la seule ville importante dans la région du gouvernement local d'Ado a été choisie comme l'objet d'étude parce que tous les sièges des ministères sont situés à Ado-Ekiti, la capitale de l'Etat. Les données de cette étude ont été recueillies à partir des sources primaires en utilisant un nombre total de trois cents hauts fonctionnaires avec un barème de salaire entre 14 et 16, sélectionnés de manière aléatoire en utilisant la technique d'échantillonnage aléatoire simple et stratifié dans les ministères, organismes parapublics et écoles secondaires. Deux cent quatre-vingts copies d'enquête ont été dûment remplies et retournées, et 93 pour cent des copies retournées ont été analysées. Un questionnaire standardisé d'analyse des facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire de l'Institut de cardiologie d'Arizona a été adopté. Les données recueillies ont été analysées en utilisant la fréquence et les pourcentages. L'étude a révélé que 168 (60%) des répondants étaient de sexe masculin alors que 112 (40%) étaient de sexe féminin. En utilisant la méthode de notation fournie par l'analyse des facteurs de risque, on a découvert que les hommes avaient des facteurs de risque élevé alors que les femmes avaient des facteurs de risque faible. L'indice de masse corporelle a également montré que les hauts fonctionnaires masculins ont plus de problème de surpoids que leurs homologues féminins. La campagne d'illumination pourrait donc créer de la sensibilisation sur les facteurs de risque des maladies cardio-vasculaires qui permettrait de réduire le taux de vulnérabilité. L'examen médical régulier en milieu de travail aiderait à l'identification précoce des facteurs de risque non modifiables et au traitement rapide en cas de risque. Enfin, l'exercice de fitness devrait être organisé régulièrement pour les hauts fonctionnaires par le gouvernement de l'état.
Mots-clés: Maladies Cardiovasculaires; Fonctionnaires Civils; Vulnérabilité; Implication Et Éducation Sanitaire

Keywords


Cardiovascular Diseases; Civil Servants; Vulnerability; Implication and Health Education; Maladies Cardiovasculaires; Fonctionnaires Civils; Vulnérabilité; Implication Et Éducation Sanitaire

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020110702.027

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