Constructing the Self-concept through Culture: A Study with Indigenous and Mestizos Students from Different Educative Settings in Chiapas (Mexico)

Moisès Esteban Guitart, José Bastiani Gómez

Abstract


This study explored self-concept among 631 adolescents (410 mestizos and 221 indigenous) from the Intercultural University of Chiapas (331), the Autonomous University of Chiapas (150) and University of Altos de Chiapas (150). Our aim was to compare the results of the personal and social self-concept task (PSSC) between the students that participating in these three universities. We predicted, following the MMM approach of culture’s impact on self concept, that students will have different self-concepts because they participating in different educative settings. Specifically, we expected that adolescents who are members of the Intercultural University of Chiapas will score significantly higher on social categories in self-concept task than students who are members of the private University of Altos de Chiapas and Autonomous University of Chiapas. The results supported this hypothesis. We conducted an analysis of variance (ANOVA), showing significant differences in the studied groups. We suggested that proximal process is the mechanism through which culture influences individuals.
Key words: Self-Concept; Indigenous; Mestizos; Individualism Versus Collectivism; Proximal Process

Resumé: Cette étude a exploré le concept de soi chez 631 adolescents (410 métis et 221 autochtones) venant de l'Université interculturelle du Chiapas (331), l'Université autonome du Chiapas (150) et l'Université d' Altos de Chiapas (150). Notre objectif était de comparer les résultats de la tache du concept de soi personnelle et sociale (CSPC) entre les étudiants de ces trois universités. Nous avions prédit, en suivant l'approche de l'impact de la culture sur le concept de soi, que les élèves ont de différentes conceptions de soi, car ils participent à de différentes institutions éducatives. Plus précisément, nous avons espéré que les adolescents qui sont membres de l'Université interculturelle du Chiapas auraient des notes plus élevées en catégories sociales dans la tache du concept de soi que les étudiants qui sont membres de l'Université privée d' Altos de Chiapas et ceux de l'Université autonome du Chiapas. Les résultats a confirmé cette hypothèse. Nous avons effectué une analyse de variance (Andva), ce qui monte des différences significatives dans les groupes étudiés. Nous avons suggéré que le processus proximal était le mécanisme par lequel la culture influence les individus.
Mots-clés: Concept De Soi ; Autochtones ; Metis ; Individualisme Contre Collectivisme ; Processus Proximal

Keywords


Self-Concept; Indigenous; Mestizos; Individualism Versus Collectivism; Proximal Process; Concept De Soi ; Autochtones ; Metis ; Individualisme Contre Collectivisme ; Processus Proximal

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020110702.002

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