On the Arbitrariness of Linguistic Signs

Xiao-dan ZHENG


There are many different opinions on the arbitrariness of linguistic signs. This paper will review these different understandings of the arbitrariness and linguistic signs and some arguments of some famous linguists over the arbitrariness of linguistic signs. Although now we can not gain a final solution to these arguments, we can see that these arguments themselves are developing, improving and that they improve the theory of arbitrariness of linguistic signs as a whole. Holding a developing and philosophical attitude to the arbitrariness of linguistic signs, we can say that while the connection of sound to concept may have been arbitrary, the relationships between linguistic signs after they are made within a language system are not arbitrary.
Key words: arbitrariness; linguistic signs; comprehensive view

Résumé: Il y a beaucoup d'opinions différentes sur le caractère arbitraire des signes linguistiques. Cet article passera en revue quelques conceptions différentes et des arguments de certains linguistes célèbres sur le caractère arbitraire des signes linguistiques. Bien que nous ne pouvons pas avoir une solution définitive à ces arguments, nous pouvons constater que ces arguments sont eux-mêmes en cours de se développer et s’améliorer et qu’ils améliorent la théorie de l'arbitraire des signes linguistiques dans son ensemble. En tenant une attitude philosophique en développement à l’égard de l'arbitraire des signes linguistiques, nous pouvons dire que bien que la connexion du son au concept pouvait être arbitraire, les relations entre les signes linguistiques après leur création dans un système linguistique ne sont pas arbitraires.
Mots-clés: arbitraire; signes linguistiques; opinion globale

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020090504.010


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