On Semantic and Syntactical Selective Constraints among Multiple Words in Context

Yun-feng LIU

Abstract


The semantic and syntactical selective constraints among multiple words in context are surveyed. Main types of selective constraints in context are: selective constraint between immediate constitutes, the one among multiple words in the same sentence, the one among multiple words in different sentences and that between words and situational factors. And they are further grouped into different categories. The knowledge of these selective constraints must be used in syntactical analysis of natural language processing for disambiguation.
Keywords: context, multiple words, selective constraints, disambiguation
Résumé Cet essai travaille sur les relations sélectives et contraignantes des expressions dans le texte sous l’angle sémantique et syntaxique. Les principales sélections et contraintes des expressions viennent des mots voisins, du troisième mot de la même phrase, du troisième mot d’une autre phrase, du contexte, etc. L’auteur fait une classification de ces sélections et contraintes. On doit recourir aux sélections et contraintes de différents niveux pour éliminer les interprétations différentes dans l’analyse syntaxique.
Mots-clés: texte, expressions, sélections et contraintes, élimination des interprétaions différentes
摘要 本文在語篇中考察多詞項間的語義句法選擇限制關係。語篇中的詞項所受到的選擇限制主要有:句 內直接成分間的選擇限制、句內第三個詞項的選擇限制、跨句中第三個詞項的選擇限制、以及語境因素的選 擇限制等,並對這些選擇限制作了歸類。句法分析中必須利用各種層面的選擇限制信息來進行歧義消解。
關鍵詞:中文摘要語篇;多詞項;選擇限制;歧義消除

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020060202.010

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