On the Initial Exploration of Technical Word in Middle Chinese

Zhen-hong HUA, Yin-feng LIANG

Abstract


Technical words spread into the lexical system of Middle Chinese gradually in due order. The diffusions can be divided into four stages: Firstly, technical words begin to spread into documents; Secondly, they spread into documents related to the former documents; Thirdly, they spread into common documents; Finally, they end the spread. The main characteristics of word spread correspond to the free speech creation, the elimination and selection of technical words, the related documents played the role of a bridge during the diffusions, and the division of the technical words and the faintness of the technical word flavour.
Key words: technical words, diffusing of words, Middle Chinese
Résumé La diffusion de la terminologie dans le système lexique du chinois antique moyen est un processus progressif, qui peut être divisé en quatre étapes : diffusion initiale dans le document écrit, diffusion à courte distance dans le document corrélatif du métier, diffusion totale dans le document général, l’épilogue de la diffusion dans le document écrit. Les caractéristiques respectives des quatre etapes : la création hautement libre de la langue ; la normalisation engend l’élimination et l’élection à grande échelle ; le document corrélatif du métier sert de pont pour la diffusion du terme ; la diffférenciation du vocabulaire après de maints sélections par la langue écrite anisi que l’effacement de la couleur du métier..
Mots-clés: la termilologie, la diffusion du vocabulaire, le chinois antique moyen
摘 要 專門詞語向中古漢語辭彙系統的擴散是一個循序漸進的過程。劃分為四個階段:向書面文獻的初始擴散、向行業關聯文獻的近距離擴散、向普通文獻的全面擴散、向書面文獻擴散的尾聲。各階段主要特點是:高度自由化的言語創新;規範整理導致大規模汰選;行業關聯文獻成為詞語擴散的橋樑;經書面語多次遴選後的詞語分化以及行業色彩的淡化。
關鍵詞:專門詞語;詞語擴散;中古漢語

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ccc.1923670020050103.005

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