Cardiac Qi Is Interlinked; Beautiful Sound Is Mellow and Full: My opinion on Of Sound written by Tang Shunzhi in Ming dynasty

Zai-en HAN


Of Sound written by Tang Shunzhi aims to describe the human sound from the surface of this article, while the whole article lists lots of various kinds of sound phenomenon of human beings in daily life. It also analyses human sound and states the relationship between the sound of human beings and the motion or gaseous state, the adjustment of the state of mind and the state of the movement of producing the sound by some physiological organs respectively in the process of illustration of human sound. To be exact, the article covers the content both on “discussing the sound” and on physiognomy. If we delete the contents on the superstitious augury in commenting the appearance according to the sound, and completely read the article from the angle of view of the artistic singing, of sound could help us know some basic opinions of the ancient scholars on human sound and provide the consultable written materials for our study on the skills of producing the sound of the art of singing of the ancient people and the theory of the ancient art of singing. Key words: Art of singing, trends of respiration, state of producing sound, adjustment of mind, spirit and temperament. Résumé: En apparence, l’article Sur La Voix de Tang Shunzhi de la dynastie des Ming discute de la voix humaine. En effet, il s’agit de la divination et la physiognomonie. Mais, cet article cite tant des exemples quoitidiens des phénomènes des voix humaines. Il aussi analyse la voix humaine et explique la relation entre la marche de respiration, la regularization de la psychologie et l’action et l ‘état des organes biologiques des corps humains au cours d ‘émettre un son. Cet article s’agit de la discussion de la voix et de la physiognomonie. Si nous ignorons le contenu de la divination et la physiognomonie et nous étudions l ‘article sous l ‘angle du chant artistique, nous pouvons connaître l ‘avis des homes de letters des anciens en Chine à la voix humaine par Sur La Voix. Il nous fournit du document pour que nous puissions étudier et connaître la technique du chant artistique de la voix humaine des anciens et édutier leur théorie du chant artistique. Mots-clefs: l ‘art du chant, l’état dynamique de la respiration, l ‘état d ‘émittre un son, la regularization de la psychologie, le temperament d ‘esprit. 摘要:明.唐順之著《論聲》一文,從字表上看,雖然是以人聲為標,有著明顯的指導占卜說相內容的文章。但是,全文在大量例舉了日常生活中種種人聲現象的同時,分析了人聲,並講述了人聲展示過程中,與氣態運行、心態調控、以及和人體某些生理器官的發聲動作狀態之間的關係。應該說文章集“論聲”與測相兩方面的內容。但是,如果我們掩去“憑聲論相”這種封建的預卜內容外,完全以藝術歌唱的視角去究讀此文,那麼,《論聲》確實可以讓我們瞭解到我國古代文人對人聲的一些基本看法,為我們學習瞭解古代人聲歌唱藝術的發聲技巧,研究古代歌唱藝術理論,提供了可以參考的文字資料。 關鍵詞:歌唱藝術;呼吸動態;發聲狀態;心理調控;精神氣質

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