Analysis of the Division of Arts and Science Subjects in Ordinary High School in Late Qing Dynasty (1909-1911)

Haozhen XU, Ruiyuan MA


The division of Arts and Science in China originated from late Qing dynasty, when the Education Department submitted a memorial to the throne Proposal of Dividing the School Curriculum into Arts and Science in 1909. Then the two disciplines went through combinations and separations repeatedly over the past 100 years. This paper will investigate the separated education system’s evolution history in late Qing dynasty and its resulting drawbacks ever since from a historical perspective. We can not only draw some lessons from the investigation, but also acquire a clearer understanding of the division of Arts and Science subjects when facing the same or contradicting problems nowadays.


Late Qing dynasty; Ordinary high school; Division of arts and science subjects

Full Text:



Wang, L. X. (2002). The middle school education research during the period of the late Qing dynasty and the Republic of China. Shanghai, China: East China Normal University Press.

Li, Y. H. (2013). The ideological research of middle school education in modern China: History of China education (Doctoral Dissertation). Retrieved from CNKI Dissertations and These Databases.

Xie, C. F. (2009). History of the middle school education in China. Taiyuan, China: Shanxi education press.

Zhu, Y. H. (1987). Historical data of education system in modern China. Shanghai, China: East China Normal University Press.

Li, G. L., Qi, M. X., & Qian, M. Q. (1991). Data compilation of educational history in Modern China·general education. Shanghai, China: Shanghai Education Press.

XXXX. (1909). Tixueshi to Governors—Adjusting the regulations of dividing the school curriculum into arts and science subjects in Zhili province. The Education Magazine, 2(3), 5-18.

Lü, D. (1999). Curriculum history. Beijing, China: People’s Education Press.

Tian, R. K., & Jin, C. Y. (1982). The analects of contemporary east history genre. Shanghai, China: Shanghai People’s Publishing House.

Ke, Z., Lin, H. F., & Lü, Y. X. (2014). How to “the division of arts and science of part”: The policy suggestion based the pros and cons of selected policy. Global Education, (2), 33.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Haozhen XU, Ruiyuan MA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Online Submission:

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use four mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;;

 Articles published in Cross-Cultural Communication are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://; Http://;

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture