Literature Review on Changes of Professional Title Policy in Chinese Universities

Feifei WANG


This paper reviews the literature of research on policy changes of the professional titles in Chinese universities and summarizes the characteristics of policy changes of college professional titles in four aspects of connotation, function, mechanism and model: changing from identity assessment to contractual appointment, from academic performance identification and resource allocation to performance management and incentive restraints, from the administrative-oriented to academic-oriented and from a mandatory institutional transition to an induced institutional transition. On this basis, the paper proposes focus of future research.


Chinese universities; Professional title policy; Changes; Literature review

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Bi, X. Y. (2005). The responsibilities and missions of sociology in the transition times. Society, ( 04).

Du, H. L. (2007). Research on the historical evolution and countermeasures of university teachers’ professional title accreditation system in China (p.23). Xiamen University.

Kang, N. (2006). The basic characteristics of the changes of Chinese higher educational resource allocation system in the transition period. Fudan Education Forum, (6), 44.

Liu, J. K. (2011). The socialogical thinking of university professional title accreditation system. The Frontier, (05), 155-157.

Scott, R. (1991). Property rights and institutional change—The collection of the translation of property school and new institutional school (p.353). In Z. J. Hu (Trans.). Shanghai, China: SDX Joint Publishing Press, Shanghai branch.

Shan, B. B. (2008). On changes of Chinese university teachers’ professional title system since the reform and opening-up of China. Shandong University.

Xin, F. L. (1991). Higher education reform memorabilia in China (1978-1989) (p.237). Shanghai: Tongji University Press.

Ye, F. M. (2009). Reflection on the logic and the system of university teacher professional title system change within 60 years of the founding of China. Modern University Education, (06), 33-38.

Zhao, Z. K. (2007). Exploration of the evaluation and countermeasures of university professional title accreditation system. Jiangsu Higher Education, (03), 154-155.



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