The Dialectic Dimension of Ecological Cultural View in the Context of Marxist Theory



Ecological culture is the basic cultural view on the traces left by people in production and life practice in order to maintain the benign living state of biology. From the evolutionary history of western ecological culture, the view of ecological culture has experienced a transition from the anthropocentrism of “everything is for me”, which demands and destroys nature infinitely, to the non-anthropocentrism of ecological culture which shows moral concern to nature. However, there are metaphysical limitations in these two forms of ecological cultural views. The Marxist ecological culture discussed in this paper is a cultural concept of the way of human beings getting along with nature put forward by Marx and Engels using the principles and methods of Marxist theory. It has abundant dialectic thoughts and plays an important enlightening role in sublating the ecological culture of anthropocentrism and non-anthropocentrism. This paper tries to clarify the dialectics of Marxist views of ecological culture from the perspective of dialectics and the huge system of Marxist theory. The first part is the dialectic of object activity: the turn of ecological culture in environmental philosophy. This is followed by the dialectics of self-consciousness: the links of environmental philosophy and eco-cultural development. The third part is the negative dialectic: the transcendence of environmental philosophy and ecological culture. The last part evaluates and summarizes the theoretical value of dialectics of Marxist views of ecological culture.


View of ecological culture; Anthropocentrism; Non-anthropocentrism; Dialectics; Marxist theory

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