On Writing the Abstract in Scientific and Technological Papers

Yushan ZHAO


Abstract is one of the most important parts of a scientific and technological paper, and also a high degree of generalization and concentration of a scientific and technological paper. Abstract plays a key role in whether a paper can be accepted by journals, cited or read by readers or not. At the same time, the proper writing of English abstract is also conducive to the paper and exchange of scientific research results. Therefore, authors of papers should follow the writing norms of English abstract, but some authors have some shortcomings in English abstract writing. This paper analyzes the types of English abstracts of scientific and technological papers, the contents that should be included in the abstracts, the writing skills such as tense voice and the principle of choosing key words, so as to avoid more mistakes in structure, tense and voice and improve the quality of the papers.


Writing; Abstract types; Structure; Keywords

Full Text:



Ma, Y. Ch., & Huang, K. X. (1999). Standardization of abstracts, keywords and references of scientific and technological papers. Information Science, (6), 26.

Martha, D. (2004). Scientific papers and presentations. New York: Academic Press.

Robert, A. D., & Barbara, G. (2006). How to write and publish a scientific paper. London: Greenwood Press.

Zhao, Y. B. (2001). Characteristics of English abstracts of scientific and technological papers. Chinese Science and Technology Translators Journal, (1), 57.

Zhou, M. D. (2013). Guide to writing papers on electric power technology. Beijing: China Electric Power Press.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/12287


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