Numerical Study of Oil Flow in Tee Junction with Leaks

Morgana de Vasconcellos Araújo, Flávia Daylane Tavares de Luna, Enivaldo Santos Barbosa, Severino Rodrigues de Farias Neto, Antonio Gilson Barbosa de Lima


This article describes oil flow dynamics behavior in a tee junction with one or two leak orifices. The main branch is 6 m long and has 10 cm in diameter, while the secondary branch has the same diameter and 3 m long. The interest of this work is to evaluate the influence of the leak in the flow dynamics parameters. The behavior of the fluid was analyzed using velocity vectors, streamlines and pressure fields.
Key words: Numerical simulation; Oil; Tee junction


Numerical simulation; Oil; Tee junction

Full Text:



[1] Araújo, M. V., Farias Neto, S. R., & Lima, A. G. B. (2013). Theoretical Evaluation of Two-Phase Flow in a Horizontal Duct with Leaks. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 3, 6-14.

[2] Barbosa, L. M. C., Lima, A. G. B., & Farias Neto, S. R. (2012). Non-Isothermal Transient Three-Phase Flow (Heavy Oil, Water and Gas) in Vertical Pipeline: The Effect of Leakage. International Journal of Modeling and Simulation for the Petroleum Industry, 6(2), 23-31.

[3] Brunone, B. (1999). Transient Test-Based Technique for Leak Detection in Outfall Pipes. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 5(125), 302-306.

[4] Cavalcanti, W. S., Belém, E. Z. G., Lima, W. C. P. B., Cavalcante, F. P., Barbosa, E. S., Farias Neto, S. R., & Lima, A. G. B. (2011). Non-Isothermal Three-Phase Flow of Petroleum, Gas and Water in T and Y Junctions. International Journal of Modeling and Simulation for Petroleum Industry, 5(1), 43-52.

[5] Frank, T., Lifante, C., Prasser, H.-M., & Menter, F. (2010). Simulation of Turbulent and Thermal Mixing in T-Junctions Using URANS and Scale-Resolving Turbulence Models in ANSYS CFX. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 240, 2313-2328.

[6] Kamaya, M., & Nakamura, A. (2011). Thermal Stress Analysis for Fatigue Damage Evaluation at a Mixing Tee. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 241, 2674-2687.

[7] Chen, J. L., He, L. M., Luo, X. M., Bai, H. T., & Wei, Y. H. (2012). Simulation of Oil-Water Two Phase Flow and Separation Behaviors in Combined T Junctions. Journal of Hydrodynamics, 24(6), 848-857.

[8] Ming, T., & Zhao, J. (2012). Large-Eddy Simulation of Thermal Fatigue in a Mixing-Tee. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 37, 93-108.

[9] Mohamed, M. A., Soliman, H. M., & Sims, G. E. (2011). Experimental Investigation of Two-Phase Flow Splitting in an Equal-Sided Impacting Tee Junction with Inclined Outlets. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 35(6), 1193-1201.

[10] Mohamed, M. A., Soliman, H. M., & Sims, G. E. (2012). Conditions for Complete Phase Separation in an Impacting Tee Junction at Various Inclinations of the Outlet Arms. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 47, 66-72.

[11] Naik-Nimbalkar, V. S., Patwardhan, A. W., Banerjee, I., Padmakumar, G., & Vaidyanathan, G. (2010). Thermal Mixing in T-junctions. Chemical Engineering Science, 65, 5901-5911.

[12] Sousa, J. V. N., Sodré, C. H., Lima, A. G. B., & Farias Neto, S. R. (2013). Analysis of Heavy Oil-Water Flow in Vertical Ducts Leaking via Computational Fluid Dynamics. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 3(1), 9-15.

[13] Stigler, J., Klas, R., Kotek, M., & Kopecký, V. (2012). The Fluid Flow in the T-Junction. The Comparison of the Numerical Modeling and Piv Measurement. Paper Present at the XIIIth International Scientific and Engineering Conference “HERVICON-2011”, Sumy, Ukraine.

[14] Wang, X., Lambert, M. F., Simpson, A. R., Ligget, J. A., & Vítkovský, J. P. (2002). Leak Detection in Pipelines Using the Damping of Fluid Transients. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 7(128), 697-711.

[15] Zhang, B., Zhang, X., Wang, D., & Huang, S. (2013). Equal Quality Distribution of Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow by Partial Separation Method. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 57, 66-77.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Advances in Petroleum Exploration and Development are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY)


Address:1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Website: Http://

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures