Surfactant and Surfactant-Polymer Flooding for Enhanced Oil Recovery
Investigation has been made to characterize the surfactant solution in terms of its ability to reduce the surface tension and the interaction between surfactant and polymer in its aqueous solution. A series of flooding experiments have been carried out to find the additional recovery using surfactant and surfactant polymer slug. Approximately 0.5 pore volume (PV) surfactant (Sodium dodecylsulfate) slug was injected in surfactant flooding, while 0.3 PV surfactant slug and 0.2 PV polymer (partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide) slug were injected for surfactant-polymer flooding. In each case chase water was used to maintain the pressure gradient. The additional recovery in surfactant and polymer augmented surfactant flooding were found around 20% and 23% respectively.Key words: Enhanced oil recovery; Surfactant; Polymer; Surface tension; Flooding
 Healy, R. N., & Reed, R. L. (1974). Physicochemical Aspects of Micro Emulsion Flooding. Soc. Per. Eng. J., 14, 491-501.
 Bera, A., Ojha, K., Mandal, A., & Kumar, T. (2011). Interfacial Tension and Phase Behavior of Surfactant-Brine-Oil System. Coll. Surf. A., 383, 114-119.
 Hill, H. J., Reisberg, H., & Stegemeier, G. L. (1973). Aqueous Surfactant System for Oil Recovery. J. Pet. Tech., 25, 186-194.
 Larson, R.G., & Hirasaki, G. (1978). Analysis of Physical Mechanisms in Surfactant Flooding. Soc. Pet. Eng. J., 8, 42-58.
 Shah, D.O., & Schechter, R.S. (1977). Improved Oil Recovery by Surfactant and Polymer Flooding. New York: Academic Press Inc..
 Michels, A.M., Djojosoeparto, R.S., Haas, H., Mattern, R.B., Van Der Weg, P.B., & Schulle, W.M. (1996). Enhanced Waterflooding Design with Dilute Surfactant Concentrations for North Sea Conditions. SPE Reservoir Engineering, 11, 189– 195.
 Miller, J., & Austad, T. (1996). Chemical Flooding of Oil Reservoirs 6. Evaluation of the Mechanisms for Oil Expulsion by Spontaneous Imbibition of Brine with and Without Surfactant in Water-Wet, Low Permeability, Chalk Material. Coll. Surf. A., 113, 269-278.
 Austad, T., & Milter, J. (1997). Spontaneous Imbibition of Water into Low Permeable Chalk at Different Wettabilities Using Surfactants. Paper presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Houston.
 Flumerfelt, R.W., Li, X., Cox, J.C., & Hsu W.F. (1993). A Cyclic Surfactant-Based Imbibition/Solution Gas Drive Process for Low Permeability, Fractured Reservoirs. Paper presented at Annu. Tech. Conf. and Exh., Houston, Tx.
 Spinler, E.A., Baldwin, B., & Graue, A. (2000). Experimental Artefacts Caused by Wettability Variation in Chalk. Paper presented at the 6th Symposium on Reservoir Wettability, Socorro, NM, US.
 Chen, H.L., Lucas, L.R., Nogaret, L.A.D., Yang H.D., & Kenyon D.E. (2000). Laboratory Monitoring of Surfactant Imbibition Using Computerized Tomography. Proceedings of 2000 SPE International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition in Mexico, Villahermosa, Mexico.
 Keijzer, P.P.M., & De Vries, A.S. (1990). Imbibitions of Surfactant Solutions. Paper presented at SPE/DOE 7th Symp. On Enhanced Oil Recovery, Tulsa, OK.
 Schechter, D.S., Zhou, D., & Jr. Orr, F.M. (1994). Low IFT Drainage and Imbibitions. J. Pet. Sci. & Eng., 11, 283-300.
 Cuiec, L., Bourbiaux, B., & Kalaydjian, F. (1994). Oil Recovery by Imbibitions in Low-Permeability Chalk. SPEFE 200-208.
 Babadagli, T., Al-Bemani, A., & Boukadi, F. (1999). Analysis of Capillary Imbibition Recovery Considering the Simultaneous Effects of Gravity, Low IFT, and Boundary Conditions. Paper presented at SPE Asia Pacific Improved Oil Recovery Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Oct. 25-26.
 Yu, H., Wang, Y., Zhang, Y., Zhang, P., & Chen, W. (2011). Effects of Displacement Efficiency of Surfactant Flooding in High Salinity Reservoir: Interfacial Tension, Emulsification, Adsorption. Advances in Petroleum Exploration and Development, 1(1), 32-39.
 Needhan, R. B., & Peter, H. D. (1987). Polymer flooding review. J. Pet. Technol., 12, 1503-1507.
 Daripa, P. (1987). Instability and Its Control in Oil Recovery Problems. Proceedings of 6th IMACS Int. Symp. on Computer Methods for Part. Diff. Eq.-VI; Vichnevetsky, R., Ed. Bethlehem, PA, 411-418.
 Daripa, P., Glimm, J., Lindquist, B., & McBryan, O. (1988a). Polymer Floods: A Case Study of Nonlinear Wave Analysis and of Instability Control In Tertiary Oil Recovery. SIAM J. Appl. Math., 48, 353–373.
 Daripa, P., Glimm, J., Lindquist, B., Maesumi, M., & McBryan, O. (1988b). On The Simulation of Heterogeneous Petroleum Reservoirs, Numerical Simulation in Oil Recovery. IMA Vol. Math. Appl., 11, 89-103.
 Guo, S. P., & Huang, Y. Z. (1990). Physical Chemistry Microscopic Seepage Flow Mechanism (pp. 100–102). Beijing: Science Press.
 Austad, T., Fjelde, I., Veggeland, K., & Taugbøl K. (1994). Physicochemical Principles of Low Tension Polymer Flood. J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 10, 255-269.
 Hoff, E., Nystrom, B., & Lindman, B. (2001). Polymer-Surfactant Interactions in Dilute Mixtures of a Nonionic Cellulose Derivative and an Anionic Surfactant. Langmuir, 17, 28-34.
 Hongyan, W., Xulong C., Jichao, Z., & Aimei, Z. (2009). Development and Application of Dilute Surfactant-Polymer Flooding System for Shengli Oilfield. J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 65, 45-50.
 Samanta, A., Bera, A., Ojha, K., & Mandal, A. 2010. Effects of Alkali, Salts and Surfactant on Rheological Behaviour of Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide Solutions. Journal Chemical & Engineering Data, 55, 4315-4322.
 Cao, X., Jiang, S., Sun, H., Jiang, X., & Li, F. (2002). Interactions of Polymers and Surfactants. Appl. Chem., 19, 866–869.
 Reppert, T.R., Bragg, J.R., Wilkinson, J.R., Snow, T.M., Maer Jr., N.K., & Gale, W.W. (1990). Second Ripley Surfactant Flood Pilot Test. Paper presented at the SPE/DOE Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery, Tulsa, April 22-25.
 Mannhardt, K., Schramm, L.L., & Novosad, J.J. (1993). Effect of Rock Type and Brine Composition on Adsorption of Two Foam-Forming Surfactants. SPE Advanced Technology Series, 1, 212-218.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138