Applied Geological Studies of Some Sinai, Egypt Ore Deposits to Utilized as Extender Pigments for Paint Manufacture

M. AW. Gaber, I.M. Hassanien

Abstract


In this present study an investigation is carried out to search for the appropriate local substitutes for the imported paint pigments, samples collected from North, Central and South Sinai includes white sand, coal, quartz, kaolin, gypsum, limestone, chalk.
The collected specimens were crushed and ground to powder varying in size between “5-50 um” for testing using laboratory mill.
Several laboratory tests were accomplished to identify and evaluate the decorative and protective paint pigment including specific gravity, moisture content, pH value, oil absorption, x-Ray analysis, microscopic studies and others to prove that the selected local ores possess the required characteristics for pigments that can be utilized in producing the paint material in Egypt.
The study indicates that the following local ores can be utilized as extender pigments to produce paint materials “calcium carbonate of south Sinai, white sand of Um Bogma, and gypsum of Ras Malaab.
The estimated reserves of the studded ores give an indication of presence the sufficient quantities for stream production of the some paint pigments needed for Egyptian market.
Key words: Field geology; Paint pigment; Extender pigment; Microscopic studies; X-ray analysis; Chemical analysis; Sinai; Egypt

Keywords


Field geology; Paint pigment; Extender pigment; Microscopic studies; X-ray analysis; Chemical analysis; Sinai; Egypt

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Standard For Testing Material. Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Pigment (D 153 -1989).

American standard for testing material. Standard Specification for Calcium Carbonate Pigments (D1199 – 1991).

American standard for testing material. Standard Specification for Linseed Oil (D 234 – 1991).

American standard for testing material. Test Methods for Hygroscopic Moisture ( and Other Matter Volatile under the Test Conditions) in Pigments (D 280 – 1987).

American standard for testing material. Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational “Brookfield” Viscometers (D 2196 – 1991).

American standard for testing material. Oil Absorption of Pigments by Spatula Rub – out (D 281 – 1989).

American standard for testing material. Hydrogen Ion Concentration “ pH Value ” (E 70- 1990).

American standard for testing material. Fineness of Dispersion of Pigment- vehicle System (D 1210 – 1987).

American standard for testing material. Viscosity of Non-Newtonian Fluids (D 562- 1987).

American standard for testing material. Viscosity of Paints by Ford Cup (D 1200- 1990).

American standard for testing material. Hiding Power of Paints (D 2805- 1991).

American standard for testing material. Specular Gloss (D 523- 1989).

American standard for testing material. Porosity or Pinhole (D 3891- 1967).

Attia, MI, & Ghalib, SE (1960). Ore minerals in Sinai. Sinai Manganese Co.: Arabic Internal Report.

Abdel Aziz A.H.(1990). Mineral deposits. Geological Survey of Egypt.,Mineral deposits section 2.5 & 2.6, 557-558.

Abdel Razek, M.M.(1994). Geology and processing trials on kaolin - bearing sandstone from the Gulf of Aqaba and Abu Zeneima areas, southern Sinai , Egypt . Geological Survey of Egypt, 1st International symposium on industrial application of clays, 78-88.

British Geological Survey (1994). Mineral Resource Development in the Third World.

Boulis, S.N. & Attia, A.K.M.(1994). Mineralogical and chemical composition of carboniferous and Cretaceous kaolin’s from a number of localities in Egypt. 1st International symposium on industrial application of clays, 99-127.

Egyptian Geological Survey and Mining Authority report on Glass sand of Sinai (1994).

El Sawy, S.M.(1994). Egyptian Kaolin as a filler and extender pigment for anticorrosive paints. Corro. Prev. & Control, 41, 31 – 35.

Ernest, W.F. (1989). Handbook of Paint Raw Materials (pp.114-151).

Gaber M, AW. (1999). Utilization of some Egyptian deposits and industrial products to manufacture the protective paints and coatings of the petroleum production facilities.

Hempel’s (1988), Paint Coatings Seminar.

Jotun (1994), Coatings Manual.

John J. Mc Ketta & William A. Cunning ham (1992).Encyclopedia of the chemical. Inorganic Pigment , 17.

Rashed, M. A. & Amer, A. M.(1994).Geological and mineralogical studies on some west - central Sinai kaolin deposits and their industrial applications. 1st International symposium on industrial application of clays, 306-314 .

Soliman, M. S.(1998). Limestone’s appraisal of classifications and environmental modeling’s. Sedimentologic Lecture Season, 6, 196 – 198.

Taylor, C.J.A, M.Sc, A . R. I. C. & Marks, S., M. Sc. ( Tech. ), F. R. I. C.(1996). Paint technology manuals, part six pigment, dyestuffs and lakes.

Turner, G.P.A.(1991). Introduction to paint chemistry and principles of paint technology.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.aped.1925543820110101.008

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; aped@cscanada.net; aped@cscanada.org

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 758, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http://www.cscanada.net
Http://www.cscanada.org
E-mail:office@cscanada.net  office@cscanada.org