Bath Adsorption Study of Methylene Blue Dye Onto Sunflower Seeds Husks Activated Carbon

J. M. Salman, J. M., F. D. Almutairi

Abstract


Mesoporous activated carbon prepared from sunflower seeds husks (SSH) using physiochemical activation (potassium hydroxide treatment and carbon dioxide gasification). The optimum conditions for preparing activated carbon from (SSH) were found to be activation temperature of 500 oC, activation time of 1.0 h and chemical impregnation ratio of 1:1. The adsorptions of methylene blue (MB) onto sunflower seed husks activated carbon (SSHAC) were studied with respect to initial MB concentration. The experimental data were analyzed by the Langmuir isotherm, the Freundlich isotherm and the Temkin isotherm. Equilibrium data fitted well with the Langmuir model with maximum adsorption capacity of 410 mg/g at 30 oC for MB concentration range of 50-300 mg/L. Desorption-adsorption studies for the spent SSHAC (saturated with MB) using ethanol as solvent showed that regeneration efficiency around 85%. The results indicated that the SSHAC is very effective for the adsorption of MB from aqueous solutions and can be regenerate to use for more than two adsorption cycles.

Keywords


Methylene blue; Adsorption; Sunflower seed husks; Activated carbon

Full Text:

PDF

References


El-Sheikh, H., & Newman, A. P. (2004). J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 71, 151–164.

Freundlich, H. Z. (1906). Phys. Chem., 57, 384-470.

Ghosh, D., Bhattacharyya, K. G. (2002). Appl. Clay. Sci., 20, 295–300.

Girgis, B. S., & El-Hendawy, A. A. (2002). Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 52, 105-117.

Kannan, N., & Sundaram, M. M. (2001). Dyes Pigments, 51, 25-40.

Langmuir, I. (1918). J. Am. Chem. Soc., 40, 1361-1403.

Lee, J. W., Choi, S. P., Thiruvenkatachari, R., Shim, W. G., & Moon, H. (2006). Dyes Pigments, 69, 196-203.

Malik, R., Ramteke, D. S., & Wate, S. R. (2007). Waste Management, 27, 1129-1138.

Martin, M. J., Artola, A., Balaguer, M. D., & Rigola, M. (2003). Chem. Eng. J., 94, 231-239.

M´etivier-Pignon, H., Faur-Brasquet, C., & Cloirec, P. L. (2003). Sep. Purif. Technol., 31,3-11.

M. El-Guendi (1991). Adsorpt. Sci. Technol., 8, 217-225.

Ramakrishna, K. R., & Viraraghavan, T. (1997). Water Sci. Technol., 36,189-196.

Rajeshwarisivaraj, S., Sivakumar, P., & Senthilkumar, V. (2001). Bioresour. Technol., 80, 233-235.

Salman, J. M., Njoku, V. O., & Hameed, B. H. (2011). Chem. Eng. J., 173, 361– 368.

Senthilkumaar, S., Varadarajan, P. R., Porkodi, K., & Subbhuraam, C. V. (2005). J. Colloid Interface Sci., 284, 78-82.

Sourja, C., Sirshendu, D., Sunando, D., & Jayanta, K. B. (2005). Chemosphere, 58, 1079-1086.

Stavropoulos, G. G., & Zabaniotou, A. A. (2005). Microporous Mesoporous Mater, 82, 79–85.

Tanthapanichakoon, W., Ariyadejwanich, P., Japthong, P., Nakagawa, K., Mukai, S. R., & Tamon, H. (2005). Water Research, 39, 1347-1353.

Tan, I. A.W., Hameed, B. H., & Ahmad, A. L. (2007). Chem. Eng. J., 127, 111-119.

Temkin, M. J., & Pyzhev, V. (1940). Acta Physiochim., 12, 217-222.

Tseng, R. L., & Tseng, S. K. (2005). J. Colloid Interface Sci., 287, 428–437.

Wu, F. C., Tseng, R. L., & Juang, R. S. (2005). J. Colloid Interface Sci.,283, 49–56.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.ans.1715787020130603.2596

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use the following emails to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:
caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org
ans@cscanada.net;ans@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures (CRDCSC)
Address:730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org
E-mail:caooc@hotmail.com; office@cscanada.net