A Cholesterol and Actinide Dependent Shadow Biosphere of Archaea And Viroids in Pulmonary Diseases

Ravikumar Kurup A., Parameswara Achutha Kurup


Objective: Endogenous digoxin has been related to the pathogenesis of lung diseases like interstitial lung disease, chronic bronchitis emphysema and bronchial asthma. The possibility of endogenous digoxin synthesis by archaea with a mevalonate pathway and cholesterol catabolism was considered.Methods: 10 cases each of interstitial lung disease, chronic bronchitis emphysema and bronchial asthma before starting treatment and 10 age and sex matched healthy controls from general population were chosen for the study. Cholesterol substrate was added to the plasma of the patients and the generation of cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids were studied. The changes with the addition of antibiotics and rutile to the patient’s plasma were also studied. The statistical analysis was done by ANOVA.Results: The parameters mentioned above were increased the patient’s plasma with addition of cholesterol substrate. The addition of antibiotics to the patient’s plasma caused a decrease in all the parameters while addition of rutile increased their levels. Conclusions: An actinide dependent shadow biosphere of archaea and viroids is described in interstitial lung disease, chronic bronchitis emphysema, bronchial asthma contributing to their pathogenesis.

Key words: Archaea; Viroids; Interstitial lung disease; Chronic bronchitis emphysema; Bronchial asthma


Archaea; Viroids; Interstitial lung disease; Chronic bronchitis emphysema; Bronchial asthma

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.ans.1715787020110402.448

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/g2143

DOI (indexed/included/archived): http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/g4679


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