A Pixel-Level Method for Multiple Imaging Sensor Data Fusion through Artificial Neural Networks



Multiple image sensor data fusion is the combination of two or more images from different imaging sensors to improve the performance over each individual image sensor. This paper presents a new pixel-level method of data fusion from multiple image sensors for non-destructive inspection. With this method the images from different sensors were processed and classified using artificial neural networks. The classified images were then fused to produce a resultant image that categorized better than any of the individually classified images. This method was applied to identify the corrosive spots on the aircraft panel specimens. In this application, ultrasonic and eddy current image data ran though artificial neural network classifiers to identify the corroded spots on the same aircraft panel specimen as compared with the benchmark X-ray image. The result indicated that the image data fusion consistently enhanced artificial neural network corrosion detection with eddy current and ultrasonic image data individually in overall and in low corrosion pixels, which are 90 percent of all corrosion pixels, with the improvements over the artificial neural network classification rates of the eddy current image by 12.6% and 12.21% in average for low corrosion and overall corrosion classification, respectively, and over the artificial neural network classification rates of the ultrasonic image by 28.88% and 32.18% in average for low corrosion and overall corrosion classification, respectively. This pixel-level method for multiple imaging sensor data fusion is expected to solve problems of non-destructive inspection in various areas.
Key words: Multisensor Data Fusion; Imaging Sensor; Pixel Level; Artificial Neural Networks; Non-Destructive Inspection


Multisensor Data Fusion; Imaging Sensor; Pixel Level; Artificial Neural Networks; Non-Destructive Inspection


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.ans.1715787020110401.001

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/g1775

DOI (indexed/included/archived): http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/g4688


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