Trends and Characteristics in China’s Industrial Sectors ––Analysis Based on the Gm (1, 1) Model with the Seventh Weakness Operator

Tianying WANG, Siqi WANG


This paper measured the influence and induction coefficients of the main industrial sectors of China in 1987, 1992, 1997 and 2002, based on the input-output tables of the four years, using the input-output methods, and discovered those sectors that have the strongest pulling or supporting effects in favor of national economic growth. The GM (1, 1) model with the seventh weakness operator was then applied to analyze the trends and characteristics in those sectors that predictably have the strongest pulling or supporting effects for economic growth in 2007, 2012, 2017 and 2022. In particular, the current study shows that, as those sectors of the strongest supporting effects are typically the greatest waste producers and environmental threats, China must establish the industrial chains with such sectors, which may serve as an avenue to circular economy.

Key words: Influence coefficient; Induction coefficient; Pulling effect; Supporting effect; GM (1, 1) model


Influence coefficient; Induction coefficient; Pulling effect; Supporting effect; GM (1, 1) model



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Management Science and Engineering are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address:1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http:// Http://

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures