Energy Analysis of a Concentrating Photovoltaic Thermal (CPV/T) System

C. Renno, F. Petito

Abstract


The potential of the concentrating photovoltaic technology has been evaluated from the thermal point of view in this paper. A model of a concentrating photovoltaic thermal system (CPV/T) was presented in order to size it and to evaluate its energy performance when it is used to satisfy the electric, heating and cooling loads referring to a domestic application. The choice and sizing of the CPV/T system components is first of all considered. The triple-junction cells and the reflective optics with parabolic mirror concentrators of point-focus type assembled with a dual axis tracker, are adopted in order to obtain a high concentration system; an active cooling system of the photovoltaic cells is also considered. The CPV/T system allows recovering thermal energy at high temperature for the absorption heat pump working. The model analyzed the CPV/T system working in terms of: cell efficiency, module electric and thermal efficiency, thermal and electric energy provided by the cell and module, cell and cooling fluid temperatures. So, the simulation process allows realizing an energy analysis and defining the best configuration of the CPV/T system, evaluating its energy convenience in comparison with a traditional system under different working conditions.

Keywords


Concentrating photovoltaic; CPV/T system; Domestic application

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brogen, M. (2004). Optical efficiency of low-concentrating solar energy systems with parabolic reflectors (Doctoral dissertation). Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Uppsala, Sweden.

Cotal, H., Fetzer, C., Boisvert, J., Kinsey, G., King, R., Hebert, P., …, Karam, N. (2009). III–V multijunction solar cells for concentrating photovoltaics. Energy & Environmental Science, 2, 174-192.

Desiato, F., Lena, F., Baffo, F., Suatoni, B., & Toreti, A. (2006). Indicators of climate in Italy processed through the system SCIA (in Italian). Italy: APAT.

Gebreslassie, B. H., Guillén-Gosálbez, G., Jiménez, L., & Boer, D. (2009). Economic performance optimization of an absorption cooling system under uncertainty. Applied Thermal Eng., 29, 3491-3500.

Kasten, F., & Young, A. T. (1989). Revised optical air mass tables and approximation formula. Applied Optics, 28, 4735-4738.

Klein, S. A., & Beckman, W. A. (1993). F-chart solar energy system analysis: Version 6.17W. F-Chart Software, 4406 Fox Bluff Road, Middleton, Wisc. 53562, USA.

Kribus, A., Kaftori, D., Mittelman, G., Hirshfeld, A., Flitsanov, Y., & Dayan, A. (2006). A miniature concentrating photovoltaic and thermal system. Energy Conversion and Management, 47, 3582-3590.

Kurtz, S. (2009). Opportunities and challenges for development of a mature concentrating photovoltaic power industry (Technical report NREL/TP-520-43208). U.S. Department of Energy.

Laue, E. G. (1970). The measurement of solar spectral irradiance at different terrestrial elevations. Solar Energy, 13, 43-50, IN1-IN4, 51-57.

Li, M., Li, G. L., Ji, X., Yin, F., & Xua, L. (2011). The performance analysis of the Trough Concentrating Solar Photovoltaic/Thermal system. Energy Conversion and Management, 52, 2378-2383.

Luque, A., Sala, G., & Arboiro, J. C. (1998). Electric and thermal model for non-uniformly illuminated concentration cells. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 51, 269-290.

Mastrullo, R., & Renno, C. (2010). A thermoeconomic model of a photovoltaic heat pump. Applied Thermal Engineering, 30, 1959-1966.

Matlab R2007b. The MathWorks. Natick, Massachusetts (USA).

Mittelman G., Kribus A., & Dayan A. (2007). Solar cooling with concentrating photovoltaic/thermal (CPVT) systems. Energy Conversion and Management, 48, 2481-2490.

Mokri, A., & Emziane, M. (2011). Concentrator photovoltaic technologies and market: A critical review, World Renewable Energy Congress, Sweden.

Mousazadeh, H., Keyhani, A., Javadi, A., Mobli, H., Abrinia, K., & Sharifi, A. (2009). A review of principle and sun-tracking methods for maximizing solar systems output. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13, 1800-1818.

Steiner, M. A., Geisz, J. F., Friedman, D. J., Olavarria, W. J., Duda, A., & Moriarty, T. E. (2011, June). Temperature-dependent measurements of an inverted metamorphic multijunction (IMM) solar cell. Paper presented at the 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Seattle, Washington.

Technical standard UNI 8477-1. (1983). Italy.

Vossier, A., Chemisana, D., Flamant, G., & Dollet, A. (2012). Very high fluxes for concentrating photovoltaic: Considerations from simple experiments and modeling. Renewable Energy, 38, 31-39.

Zahedi, A. (2011). Review of modeling details in relation to low-concentration solar concentrating photovoltaic. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 1609-1614.

Zhai,H., Dai, Y. J., Wu, J. Y., Wang, R. Z., & Zhang L. Y. (2010). Experimental investigation and analysis on a concentrating solar collector using linear Fresnel lens. Energy Conversion and Management, 51, 48-55.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.est.1923847920130602.2618

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; est@cscanada.net; est@cscanada.org

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org

E-mail: est@cscanada.net est@cscanada.org