Potential of a Solar Organic Rankine Cycle with Evacuated-Tube Solar Collectors as Heat Source for Power Generation in Thailand
This paper presents a potential of a solar organic Rankine cycle (ORC) with evacuated-tube solar collectors with FR(τα) of 0.81, FRUL of 2.551 W/m2K as heat source for generating electricity under the climate of Thailand. The power output of the ORC power plant was 280 kW and the ORC working fluid was R245fa. The weather conditions of Chiang Mai (18.783 oN, 98.983 oE ), Ubon Ratchathani (15.233 oN, 104.783 oE), Hat Yai (6.91 oN, 100.43 oE) and Bangkok (13.66 oN, 100.56 oE) represented the northern, northeastern, southern and central part of Thailand, respectively were taken as the input data of the calculations. It could be found that at Chiang Mai, the levelized electricity cost was lowest which was 0.37 USD/kWh and the annual solar-to-electricity efficiency was 4.44%. At Bangkok and Ubon Ratchathani, the levelized electricity costs were slightly higher than that of Chiang Mai. At Hat Yai, the levelized electricity cost was found to be highest which was 0.43 USD/kWh.
Key words: Solar organic rankine cycle; Solar collector; Electrical power generation; Performance analysis; Levelized electricity cost
 Achary, S. K., Obermeier, E., & Schaber, A. (1983). Use of R-114 as the Working Fluid in a Flat-Plate Collectors System for Electric Power Generation. Applied Energy, 13, 59-68.
 Bliss, R.W. (1959). The Derivation of Several “Plate Efficiency Factors” Useful in the Design of the Flat Plate Solar Heat Collector. Solar Energy, 3, 55-64.
 Bravo, J., Casals, X., & Pascua, I. (2007). GIS Approach to the Definition of Capacity and Generation Ceilings of Renewable Energy Technologies. Energy Policy, 35(10), 4879-4892. DOI:10.1016/j.enpol.2007.04.025
 Chaichana, C., Kiatsiriroat, T., & Nuntaphan, A. (2010). Comparison of Conventional Flat-Plate Solar Collector and Solar Boosted Heat Pump Using Unglazed Collector for Hot Water Production in Small Slaughterhouse. Heat Transfer Engineering, 31(5), 419-429.
 Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency & Ministry of Energy. (2006). Potentials of Concentrating Solar Power Technologies in Thailand. A Research Report.
 Drescher, U., & Bruggemann, D. (2007). Fluid Selection for the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) in Biomass Power and Heat Plants. Applied Thermal Engineering, 27, 223-228. DOI:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2006.04.024.
 Energy Information Administration (EIA). (2004). International Energy Outlook 2004. DOE/EIA-0484. Retrieved from http://ftp.eia.doe.gov/pub/pdf/international/0484(2004).pdf
 Energy Information Administration (EIA). (2006). International Energy Outlook 2006. DOE/EIA-0484. Retrieved from http://www.fypower.org/pdf/EIA_IntlEnergyOutlook(2006).pdf
 Energy Information Administration (EIA). (2009). International Energy Outlook 2009. DOE/EIA-0484. Retrieved from http://www.setav.org/ups/dosya/25025.pdf
 Fthenskis, V. M., Kim, H. C., & Alsema, M. (2008). Emissions from Photovoltaic Life Cycles. Environmental Science and Technology, 42(6), 2168-2174.
 Gagnon, L., Belanger, C., & Uchiyama, Y. (2002). Life-Cycle Assessment of Electricity Generation Options: The Status of Research in Year 2001. Energy Policy, 30, 1267-1278.
 Heberle, F., & Bruggemann, D. (2010). Exergy Based Fluid Selection for a Geothermal Organic Rankine Cycle for Combined Heat and Power Generation. Applied Thermal Engineering, 30, 1326-1332. DOI:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2010.02.012
 Hung, T. C. (2001). Waste Heat Recovery of Organic Rankine Cycle Using Dry Fluids. Energy Conversion and Management, 42, 539-553.
 IEA. (2003). Renewables for Power Generation, International Energy Agency Report. Retrieved from http://www.antoniolima.web.br.com/arquivos/renewpower_2003.pdf
 Invernizzi, C., Iora, P., & Silva, P. (2007). Bottoming Micro-Rankine Cycles for Micro-Gas Turbines. Applied Thermal Engineering, 27, 100-110.
 Jing, L., Gang, P., & Jie, J. (2010). Optimization of Low Temperature Solar Thermal Electric Generation with Organic Rankine Cycle in Different Areas. Applied Energy, 87, 3355-3365. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.05.013
 Ketjoy, N., & Rakwichian, W. (2006). Techno-Economic Study of Solar Parabolic Trough-Biomass Hybrid Power Plant. In Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Energy Network of Thailand, Nakornrachasima, Thailand, 27-29 July 2006.
 Kiatsiriroat, T., Siriplubpla, P., & Nuntaphan, A. (1998). Performance Analysis of a Refrigeration Cycle Using a Direct Contact Evaporator. Int. J. Energy Res., 22, 1179-1190.
 National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST). (2000). REFPROP Version 7, Thermodynamic Properties of Refrigerants and Refrigerant Mixtures Software.
 Pehnt, M. (2006). Dynamic Lifecycle Assessment of Renewable Energy Technologies. Renewable Energy, 31, 55-71. DOI:10.1016/j.renene.2005.03.002
 Pitz-Paal, R., Dersch, J., & Milow, B. (2003). European Concentrated Solar Thermal Road-Mapping Research Report on SES6-CT-2003-502578. European Commission.
 Purohit, I., & Purohit, P. (2010). Techno-Economic Evaluation of Concentrating Solar Power Generation in India. Energy Policy, 38, 3015-3029. DOI:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.01.041
 Tchanche, B. F., Papadakis, G., Lambrinos, G., & Frangoudakis, A. (2009). Fluid Selection for a Low-Temperature Solar Organic Rankine Cycle. Applied Thermal Engineering, 29, 2468-2476. DOI:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2008.12.025
 Thawonngamyingsakul, C., & Kiatsiriroat, T. (2010). Working fluid selection for a low-to-intermediate temperature organic Rankine cycle. In Proceedings of the SAME2-PU Conference, Phayao University, Thailand, 25 August 2010 (pp. 170-177).
 Verloop, J. (2003). Technical Opportunities for Micro-Generation. In Proceedings of the Sixth Annual International Conference Economics of Infrastructures, TU Delft.
 Vorayos, N., Wongsuwan, W., & Kiatsiriroat, T. (2009). Development of Solar Hot Water Systems in Thailand, Engineering Journal, Chiang Mai University. Energy. J. CMU, 16(2), 55-69.
 Wang, J. L., Zhao, L., & Wang, X. D. (2010). A Comparative Study of Pure and Zeotropic Mixtures in Low-Temperature Solar Rankine cycle. Applied Energy, 87, 3366-3373. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.05.016
 Wei, D., Lu, X., Lu, Z., & Gu, J. (2007). Performance Analysis and Optimization of Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) for Waste Heat Recovery. Energy Conversion and Management, 48, 1113-1119. DOI:10.1016/j.enconman.2006.10.020
 Wibulswas, P. (1998). Research and Development of Solar Thermal Energy in Thailand. ASEAN J. Sci. Technol. Develop, 5(1), 15-23.
- There are currently no refbacks.
If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138