The Role of Regional Economic and Political Groups in the Globalization Process: A Case Study of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (1982-2002)

Azalahu F. Akwara, Gerald E. Ezirim, Joseph E. Udaw, Ngozi F. Akwara

Abstract


A regional integration by its very nature integrates its members into an economic union and acts as a bloc on matters affecting its members vis-a-vis other regional blocs and non members. Its hegemonic nature of hedging its members against all forms of exploitation and intimidation by other regional blocs and non-members and its desire to stem the tide of trade diversion, and to create and foster intra-union flow of trade, factors and investment at the exclusion of non-members and other regional blocs run contradictory to the aims and objectives of the globalization process which is the integration of the world economy through the breaking down of trade and investment barriers worldwide. Given these contradictory objectives of the regional blocs and the globalization process, this study examines the roles of the ECOWAS as an agent in the globalization process in the West African sub-region, its constraints, and solutions to the problems.

Keywords


Regional; Integration; Globalization; Blocs; Security; Trade

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baran, P. (1962). The political economy of growth. New York: Monthly Review.

Beyond the national state: Functional and international organisation. (1964).

Business Week. ( 1994). Oct. (10), 18-19.

Business Week.(1999). Dec. (13), 20.

Business Week. (1999). Nov. (15), 49.

Business Week. (1999). Sept. (19), 41-42.

Cockcroft, J. D., Frank, A. G., & Johnson, D. L. (1970). (Eds.) Dependence and underdevelopment: Latin America’s political economy. New York: Doubleday.

Deutsch, K. W. (1954) Political Community at the international level: Problems of definition and measurement. New York: Doubleday.

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, May 3). (45).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 16 February). (17).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 9 March). (23).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 30 July). (30).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 29 March). (33).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 9 April). (36).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 12 April). (37).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 19 April). (40).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 24 April). (43).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 10 May). (48).

ECOWAS News Update. (18 May, 2001). (50).

ECOWAS News Update. (17 May, 2001). (51).

ECOWAS News Update. (18 June, 2001). (58).

ECOWAS News Update. (23 July, 2001). (64).

ECOWAS News Update. (25 July, 2001). (66).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 22 January). (8).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 15 February). (16).

ECOWAS News Update. (2001, 12 April). (38).

ECQWAS News Update. (2001, 16 Febi-; JOi). (19).

Fafowara, O. O. (1998). Management imparative of globalization. Management in Nigeria, 34(2-4), 365 -370.

Haas, E. B., & Philippe, G. S. (1964). Economic and differential patterns of political integration: Projections about unity in Latin America. International Organisation, 18, 705-737.

Haas. E. B. (1961). International integration: The European and universal process. International Organisation, 15, 306-392.

Haas, E. B. (1964). Beyond the national state: Functional and international organization. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Haas, E. B. (1968). The uniting of Europe: Political, social and economic forces 1950-1957. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press.

Jacob. E. P., & Tescano, H. (1964). The integration process: Guideline for analysis of the bases of political community. In P. E. Jacob & J. V. Tescano (Eds), The integration of political communities. Philadelphia; Lippincott.

Kemp, T. (1980). The Marxist theory of imperialism. In R. Owen & B. Sutcliff (Eds.), Studies in the theory of imperialism. London: Longman.

Kwanashie, M. (1998). The concept and process of globalization. CBN Economic and Financial Review, 36 (A), 340-351.

Lindberg, L. (1963). The political dynamics of European economic integration. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Lindberg, L. (1965). 11 decision making and integration in the European community. International Organisation, 19, 50-80.

Magdoff, H. (1980). Imperialism without colonies. In R. Owen  & B. Sutchiff (Eds.), Studies in the theory of imperialism. London: Longman.

Mitrany, D. (1966). Working peace system. Chicago: Quadrangle Books.

Nemedia, C. E. (1998). Merits and demerit of globalization process. CBN Economic and Financial Review, 36(4), 405-414.

Odozi, V. A. (1998). Trends in the globalization of the world economy and implications for Niooria. CBN Economicend Financial Review, 36(4), 330-333.

Oloyede, A. (1998). Regional political and economic groupings as vehicles for the globalization. CBN Economic and Financial Review, 36(4), 365-370.

Olusanya. G. A. (1998). Preparing Nigeria managers for globalization. Management in Nigeria, 34(2-4).

Osagie, E. (1976). Elements of economics. Benin City: Ethiop Publishers.

Political community and the North Atlantic Area. (1957). Princeton: Princeton

Schmitter, P. G. (1969). The neo-functional hypothesis about international integration. International Organisation, 23(1).

Schmitter. P. G. (1970). A revised theory of regional integration. International Organisation, 24(4).

The Economist (1995). Dec. 9-15. pp.13-14.

The Economist. (1988). April 22-29. pp.81-84.

The Economist. (1995). June 17-23. p.85.

The Economist. (1999). Jan. 30-Feb. 15. p.17.

The functional approach to world organisation. (1948). International Affairs, 24(3).

The progress of international government. (1933). New Heaven: Yale University Press.

The road to security. (1944). London: National Peace Council.

The uniting of Europe: Political, social and economic forces 1950-1957. (1968). Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press.

Time (US) Magazine (2000). February. p.48.

Viner, J. (1950). Custom union theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2F4051

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.



We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture

Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138

Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org

E-mail:css@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org