Bourgeois Humanitarianism—A Brief Study of Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities

Yu HAO, Ren CHI

Abstract


As a novel written with sorrow and concern, A Tale of Two Cities exposed the inhumanity of aristocrats, showed sympathy for the miserable life of the oppressed, expressed contradictory ideas about mass revolution, and advocated solving the problem with benevolent spirit and forgiveness. Vividly described characters and various writing devices enabled the author, Dickens to fully express bourgeois humanitarianism in his own way. The bourgeois humanitarianism he held in ideology led to reluctance for vehement rebellion and support for moderate reformism in politics. Throughout the book he tried to remind the ruling class not to oppress the common people too harsh, and the public not to resort to violence. As a representative of bourgeois humanitarianism, Charles’ humanitarianism also plays a role in the modern bourgeois societies and provides a living example for us to understand the nature of bourgeoisie.


Keywords


Bourgeois humanitarianism; A Tale of Two Cities; Sympathy; Contradictory ideas

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References


Chen, J. (1986). A history of English literature. Beijing: The Commercial Press, Ltd..

Dickens, C. (2006). A tale of two cities. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.

Drabble, M. (1985). The oxford companion to English literature (5th ed.). Oxford University Press.

Page, N. (1984). A dickens companion. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd..

Wu, W. R. (1999). History and anthology of English literature. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720130905.H346

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