Information and Communications Technology Development Products Towards Strengthening Rural Communities in Malaysia
This study aims to evaluate the extent of development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) ability to empower rural communities and enhance their economic productivity. ICT is a core catalyst for the development of a country to achieve developed nation status. However, rural communities are still exposed to the challenges and constraints in order to promote ICT development in rural areas. To address this issue, the government has established various objectives to ensure that rural communities are not marginalized. In an effort to take advantage of ICT development in rural areas, governments and agencies have developed various ICT-based products in rural areas. Programs such as Center of Telecenter, Rural Internet Centre (PID), Medan Info Desa, e-Village/e-Community, K-TRAK, PKIT and others are among the products introduced to the rural community. The purpose of the introduction of this product is to focus on the government’s efforts in ensuring the development of balanced urban and rural areas from different angles. Through ICT products, a rural community not just only follows the development of the ICT revolution, but to create a knowledgeable society and helps to boost the quality of life of rural communities. Thus, this paper will discuss ICT products developed in the rural areas of Malaysia, the purpose and prospects of the product development and the challenges faced during its implementation. Hopefully, the discussion and recommendations given could trigger the opportunity and space in making ICT as a driving force to economic development in rural areas.
Key words: ICT products; Rural communities; The use of ICT; Economic catalyst
Abdul Razak Hamdan, Yazrina Yahya, Mohd Shanudin Zakaria, & Mohd Zamri Murah (2000). Information Technology. Malaysia: McGraw-Hill.
Amariles, F., Paz, O.P., Russell, N., & Johnson, N. (2006). The Impacts of Community Telecentres in Rural Colombia. The Journal of Community Informatics, 2(3).
Aspirasi Digital Online. (2006). Digital. Magazine by Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water. September and October Edition. Retrieved from http://www.docstoc.com/docs/48901838/Digital
Aspirasi Digital Online. (2007). Digital Gap. Magazine by Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water (4th Ed.). Retrieved from http://www.aspirasidigital.net.my/buletin/4%281%29.pdf
Cecchini, S., & Scott, C. (2003). Can Information and Communications Technology Applications Contribute to Poverty reduction? Lessons from Rural India. Information Technology for Development, 10(2), 73-85.
Commoli, L. (2008). Increasing Telecentre Network Sustainability Through Social Enterprise. Telecentre Magazine. 2(4), 18-22.
Esselaar, S., Stork, C., Ndiwalana, A., & Swarray, M.D. (2008). ICT Usage and Its Impact on Profitability of SMEs in 13 African Countries. Information Technologies and International Development, 4(1), 87-100.
Economic Planning Unit (EPU). (n.d.). Empowering Women to Increase Their Contribution in the Economy: the Tenth Malaysia Plan Chapter 4: Moving Towards Inclusive Socio-Economic Development. Retrieved January 3, 2012 from http://www.epu.gov.my/html/themes/epu/html/RMKE10/img/pdf/bm/bab4.pdf
Faiola, A., & Buckley, S. (2000). Poor in Latin America Embrace Net’s Promise. The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com
Harris, R. (2001). Telecentres in Rural Asia: Towards a Success Model. Paper presented at Conference Proceedings of International conference on Information Technology, Communications and Development (ITCD 2001). Kathmandu: Nepal.
Ministry of Rural and Regional Development. (2011). Summary of The Impact Study of Info Desa Programme from Research and Development Division, Institute of Rural Development (INFRA) with permission. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia.
Kenny, C.J. (2000) Expanding Internet access to the rural poor in Africa. Information Technology for Development, 9(1), 25-32.
Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC). (2011). Communication and Multimedia: Books of Statistic Q1 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2012, from http://www.skmm.gov.my/Attachment/Resources/SKMMQ1_2011_MAL01.pdf
Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC). (2010). Communication and Multimedia: Selected Facts and Figures Q4 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2012, from http://www.skmm.gov.my/link_file/facts_figures/stats/pdf/Q4%202010%20Text.pdf
Mohamad Awang Lah. (2000). Information Technology and Rural Development. Paper presented at Proceedings Rural Small and Medium Scale Industries in the Globalisation Era. Skudai, Johor: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Norizan Razak. (2009). Empowering the Rural Communities Via the Telecentres. European Journal of Social Sciences, 9(3), 425-432.
Noor Sharifah, S.S. (2006). ICT Management Centre for Rural Community in Peninsular Malaysia. Inaugural Lecture Series. Johor: Malaysia. 21-26.
Official Website Ministry of Rural and Regional Development (n.d.). Medan Info Desa. Retrieved December 12, 2011, from http://www.infodesa.gov.my/web/guest/inisiatif/medaninfodesa/background,
Official Portal of the K-Economy Division of the Malacca Chief Minister Department (n.d.). Program E-Melaka. Retrieved February 2, 2012, from http://www.emelaka.gov.my/bm/index.php/e-melaka
Official Portal of the IT Community Center of the Ampang Jaya Municipal Council (PKIT). (n.d.). Pusat Komuniti IT. Retrieved from February 2, 2012, from http://www.mpaj.gov.my/24
Third Outline Perspective Plan. (n.d.). Third Outline Perspective Plan 2001-2010 (RRJP3 2001-2010). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia.
Ruth, C. (2007). Exploring the ICT and Rural Poverty Reduction Link: Community Telecenters and Rural Livelihoods in Wu’an, China. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries (EJISDC,) 32(1), 1-15.
Shakeel, H., Best, M., Miller, B., & Weber, S. (2001). Comparing Urban and Rural Telecenters Cost. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries (EJISDC), 4(2), 1-13.
Transformation of the Agricultural Sector Contributors. (2011, April 23). Utusan Malaysia Online. Retrieved from http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2011&dt=0423&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Muka_Hadapan&pg=mh_04.htmWafula-Kwake A.K., & Ocholla D.N. (2007). The Feasibility of ICT Diffusion Amongst African Rural Women: A Case Study of South Africa and Kenya. International Review of Information Ethics (IRIE), 7(9), 1-20.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138