The Effect of Migration on Government Size Case study: Some Selected Middle-East Countries

Neda Samiei, Mohammad Reza Jalilvand

Abstract


Migration is caused by a push from behind and/or a pull from an appealing prospect in front.The combination of push and pull factors and research into which specific determinants play a significant role in migration patterns has received a lot of attention in the empirical literature. Immigration is the main demographic factor and the government is supposed to have the ability to control its size and skill composition.In high income countries natural population growth nowadays is low (or negative) and overall population growth is mostly driven by immigration. A statistically significant role of migration in affecting the tax rate is found after controlling for income inequality and for several social and demographic variables that would be expected to reflect the government‘s revenue needs and thus determine the tax rate. The aim of the present study is to examine if and how much the amount of public expenditures on social services has been affected by the migration among some Middle East countries over 1990-2007.
Key words: Migration; Government size; Middle-East

Résumé: La migration est causée par une poussée de l'arrière et/ou une attraction à partir d'une perspective séduisante en face.La combinaison des facteurs de poussée et tirée et la recherche sur les déterminants spécifiques jouent un rôle important dans les modèles de migration.Et le problème de migration a reçu beaucoup d'attention dans la littérature empirique.L'immigration est le facteur démographique principal et le gouvernement est censé avoir la capacité de contrôler sa taille et la composition des compétences.Dans les pays à revenus élevés, la croissance naturelle de la population est faible (ou négative) aujourd'hui et la croissance de la population globale est principalement influencée par l'immigration. Un rôle statistiquement significatif de la migration dans l'affectation du taux d'imposition est constaté après le contrôle de l'inégalité des revenus et de plusieurs variables socio-démographiques censées refléter les besoins de revenus du gouvernement et déterminer ainsi le taux d'imposition. L'objectif de la présente étude est d'examiner si et dans quelle mesure le montant des dépenses publiques consacrées dans les services sociaux a été affectée par la migration entre certains pays du Moyen-Orient durant la période 1990-2007.
Mots-clés: Migration; Taille du gouvernement; Moyen-Orient

Keywords


Migration; Government size; Middle-East; Migration; Taille du gouvernement; Moyen-Orient

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110703.028

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