A Study of the Cognitive Potentials in Basic Science and Technology of Nigerian Adults with Varying Socio-Economic Status

M. U. Ojuah


In this study, efforts have been made to investigate the level of awareness in science and technology among selected adults in Lagos metropolis. A total of one hundred and twenty-five adults, seventy-eight males and forty-seven females randomly selected, formed the population sample. One composite questionnaire containing a hundred questions on different science areas vis-à-vis: health science, local food science, management and control of home hazards, gadgetry science, environmental science and basic facts in science and technology was the major instrument for collection of raw data. A supplementary interview schedule was drawn up based on the questionnaire and used for clarification of opinions. Both instruments were validated by experts. The data obtained were analyzed using ranking, percentage, correlation and chi-square computations. The major findings were that: all adults, irrespective of their socio-economic class need one form of science and technology or the other for self-realization; the nature of adult science and technology need for self-awareness is not related to one’s occupation and socio-economic status; there is a general desirability among adults of all classes to learn those aspects of science and technology they are deficient in; the majority of adults showed preference for distance education, that is learning through television, radio and newspapers to a more effective teacher-learner interaction or face-to-face learning process. A clarion call has therefore been made for the commencement of adult science and technology education in an informal setting, with the existing adult education centres expanded to accommodate this all important scheme for national development.
Key words: Cognitive potentials; Socio-economic status; Nigerian adults; Science; Technology; Population sample

Résumé: Dans cette étude, des efforts ont été faits pour enquêter sur le niveau de la sensibilisation en science et technologie chez les adultes sélectionnés dans la métropole de Lagos. Une somme de 125 adultes, 78 hommes et 47 femmes sélectionnées au hasard, ont formé l'échantillon de population de cette étude. Un questionnaire contenant une centaine de questions sur des différents domaines scientifiques, y compris la science de la santé, la science de l'alimentation locale, la gestion et le contrôle des dangers à la maison, la science des gadgets, la science de l'environnement et des faits de base en sciences et technologie ont été l'instrument majeur pour collectionner des données de première main. Un calendrier d'entrevue supplémentaire a été établi sur la base du questionnaire et utilisé pour la clarification des opinions. Ces deux instruments ont été validés par des experts. Les données obtenues ont été analysées en utilisant le classement, le pourcentage, la corrélation et le chi-carré calculs. Les conclusions principales étaient les suivantes: tous les adultes, indépendamment de leur classe socio-économique, ont besoin d'une forme de science et technologie pour la réalisation de soi; le besoin de conscience de soi des adultes n'est pas lié à sa profession ou son statut socio-économique; il y a un désir général chez les adultes de toutes les classes pour apprendre des aspects de la science et technologie dans lesquels ils sont déficients; la majorité des adultes a montré leur préférence pour l'enseignement à distance, c'est- à-dire l'apprentissage à travers la télévision, la radio et les journaux, à une interaction plus efficace de l'enseignant-apprenant ou un processus d'apprentissage face-à-face. Un appel a donc été fait pour le commencement de l'éducation en science et technologie des adultes dans un cadre informel, avec les centres existants d'éducation des adultes agrandis afin d'accueillir ce dispositif important pour le développement national.
Mots clés: Potentiels cognitifs; Statutx socio-économiques; Adultes nigériens; Sciences; Technologie; L'échantillon de population


Cognitive potentials; Socio-economic status; Nigerian adults; Science; Technology; Population sample;Potentiels cognitifs; Statutx socio-économiques; Adultes nigériens; Sciences; Technologie; L'échantillon de population

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720110703.022


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