Small Scale Farming and Agricultural Products Marketing for Sustainable Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria

J. A. Bamiduro, Rotimi Ayodele Gbadeyan

Abstract


Agricultural productions in developing countries have largely been on subsistence basis. The farmers only produce for their families and quantity of food produced are grossly inadequate for the growing population. There is increase widespread in the level of poverty amongst the people, most especially those living in the rural areas. Small scale farming has become one of the ways to tackle the problem of lack and poverty amongst these people. The paper therefore, examines how Small Scale farming assists in alleviating poverty in both rural and urban cities; most especially through marketing of agricultural products to the people. Relevant data were sought from the 356 respondents selected for the study through the Key Informant Interviews (KII). The Student T test and Chi square statistical techniques were further employed to test the Hypotheses stated in the study. Result of the finding reveals the importance of Small Scale Farming and Agricultural Products Marketing in poverty alleviation, most especially among the rural dwellers. It also indicated lack of access to fund as the major problem facing Small Scale Farming and increase cost of transportation as the major problem facing marketing of agricultural products. The Paper recommends that Individuals and Government can combat some of these challenges facing Small Scale Farming by providing adequate basic social infrastructures; make available more funds to the farmers and create more employment opportunities amongst others. The paper concludes that Agriculture no doubt, is an important sector that needs to be given attention in any developing economy.
Key words: Small scale farming; Marketing; Rural dwellers; Key interview guide; Agricultural products and poverty

Résumé: Les productions agricoles dans les pays en voie de développement étaient principalement sur la base de subsistance. Les agriculteurs ne produisent que pour leurs familles et la quantité des aliments produits est nettement insuffisante pour la population croissante. Il y a une augmentation généralisée de la pauvreté parmi la population, plus particulièrement ceux vivant dans les zones rurales. L'agriculture à petite échelle est devenue l'une des façons pour s'attaquer au problème du manque et de la pauvreté parmi cette population. L'article examine donc comment l'agriculture à petite échelle aide à soulager le problème de la pauvreté dans les villes rurales et urbaines; plus particulièrement à travers la commercialisation des produits agricoles. Des données pertinentes ont été recueillies auprès des 356 répondants sélectionnés pour l'étude en utilisant la méthode des interviews d'informateurs clés (IIC). Le test T et les techniques statistiques de Chi carré ont été employés plus tard pour tester les hypothèses énoncées dans l'étude. Le résultat de la recherche révèle l'importance de l'agriculture à petite échelle et la commercialisation des produits agricoles dans la réduction de la pauvreté, surtout parmi les habitants des zones rurales. Il a également indiqué le manque d'accès aux fonds comme le problème majeur auquel l'agriculture à petite échelle fait face et les coûts de transport croissant comme le problème majeur de commercialisation des produits agricoles. Le document recommande que les individus et le gouvernement peuvent combattre certains de ces défis confrontés par l'agriculture à petite échelle, en assurant des adéquates infrastructures sociales de base; mettant plus de fonds à la disposition des agriculteurs et créant davantage d'emplois entre autres. L'article conclut que l'agriculture est sans aucun doute un secteur important qui doit être accordé plus d'attention dans n'importe quelle économie en développement.
Mots-clés: Petite agriculture à petite échelle; Commercialisation; Habitants ruraux; Guide d'interview clés; Produits agricoles et pauvreté

Keywords


Small scale farming; Marketing; Rural dwellers; Key interview guide; Agricultural products and poverty;Petite agriculture à petite échelle; Commercialisation; Habitants ruraux; Guide d'interview clés; Produits agricoles et pauvreté

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110703.020

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