On Resistance in Anti-Colonial Marxist Writings

Zhaoguo DING

Abstract


Abstract: Postcolonial Studies as a field of academic enquiry has often neglected the writings of Marxist anti-colonial writers in the insurgent national liberation movements. This essay analyzes the strategic ideas of anti-colonial resistance by focusing on negritude as ethnic identity in writings by Aimé Césaire and Léopold Senghor and national culture in Amilcar Cabral and Frantz Fanon. It argues that these Marxist anti-colonial writers’ strategies of resistance are mainly based upon a relatively unproblematized notion of ethnic or national identity, which, though suspicious of essentialist politics of identity, is in accordance with the political urgency of decolonization for national independence in the historical context. Key Words: Resistance; Negritude; National culture; Césaire; Senghor; Cabral; FanonRésumé: Les etudes de post-colonial comme un champ de la recherche academique a souvent négligé les écrits des auteurs marxistes d’anti-colonial dans la rebelle contre les mouvements de libération nationale. Cet essai analyse les idées stratégiques de la résistance anti-coloniale en se concentrant sur la négritude que l'identité ethnique dans les écrits par Aimé Césaire et Léopold Senghor et de la culture nationale dans Amilcar Cabral et Frantz Fanon. Il fait valoir que les stratégies de lutte ces écrivain marxistes anti-coloniale sont principalement basées sur une notion relativement pas encore problématisé d’ethnique ou d’identité nationales identité ethnique, qui, bien les essentialiste politique de l'identité suspicions, est conforme avec l’accordance avec l'urgence politique de la décolonisation pour l'indépendance nationale dans le contexte historique. Mots clés: Résistance; Négritude; La culture nationale; Césaire; Senghor; Cabral; Fanon

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720110701.005

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