Power Relations and Contraceptive Use: Gender Differentials in Bangladesh

Mahmuda Khatun, Gretchen T. Cornwell

Abstract



Previous research tends to ignore men and women’s contraceptive use based on existing power relations at the household level. Male role theory and power theory suggest that although men dominate at the household level and influence all the decisions that have taken place, these men become really invisible when it comes to contraceptive use. The present study attempts to explain the impact of power relations on differential contraceptive use among men and women in Bangladesh. Since the main objective of this research is to see differentials based on gender, men’s and women’s data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2000 have been matched based on cluster number, household number, and line number and merged to get sample size of 2249. The results suggest that power relations at the household level have a significant impact in transcending barriers to contraceptive use.
Key words: gender differential; contraceptive use; power relations; and hierarchical linear model
Résumé: Les recherches antérieures ont une tendance d’ignorer l’utilisation de contracceptif des hommes et des femmes, basée sur le rapport de force existant au niveau familial. La théorie du rôle masculin et la théorie du pouvoir suggère que même si les hommes dominent sur les femmes au niveau familial et qu’ils exercent une influence sur toutes les décisions, ils deviennent invisibles quand il s’agit de l’utilisation de contraceptifs. L’études présente cherche à expliquer l’effet du rapport de force sur l’utilisation de contraceptifs chez les hommes et les femmes au Bangladesh. L’objectif de cette recherche est de dévoiler les différences chez les deux 1-15 sexes. Les données sur les hommes et les femmes venant de l’enquête de la démographie et de la santé du Bangladesh en 2000 sont bien assorties pour avoir un échantillon de 2249 personnes. Le réslutat montre que le rapport de force au niveau familal a une influence significative sur l’utilisation de contraceptifs.
Mots-Clés: différences de sexe; utilisaiton de contraceptifs; rapport de force; modèle linéaire hiérarchique

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720090501.001

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