A Cognitive Perspective of the Chinese and English Expressions for the Concept of “Present”

Yi HU

Abstract



Human beings are the only species that can perceive the existence of time. However, the linguistic expressions for the concept of time are usually indirect. From a cognitive linguistic point of view, the concept of time is materialized via the TIME-AS-SPACE metaphor. However, each culture has its own conceptualization of time, and thus there are various cognitive models for a particular time concept. This paper tries to identify and analyze the Chinese and English expressions for the concept of “present”, so as to establish the cognitive models for this concept in Chinese culture and in English culture respectively.
Key words: cognitive model, time concept, present
Résumé: L’être humain est la seule espèce qui peut percevoir l’existence de temps. Cependant, pour le concept de temps, les expressions linguistiques sont normalement indirectes. Du point de vue linguistique cognitive, le concept de temps est matérialisé par la métaphore TEMPS-COMME-ESPACE. Cependant, chaque culture a sa propre conceptualisation de temps, donc il y a différents modèles cognitifs pour un particulaire concept de temps. Cette mémoire essaie d’identifier et analyser les expressions chinoise et anglaise pour le concept de présent, afin d’établir les modèles cognitifs pour ce concept dans la culture chinoise et dans la culture anglaise respectivement.
Mots-Clés: modèle cognitif, concept de temps, présent

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720080406.008

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