From A Flower Girl to A Lady: The Change of Discourse and Power



The theory of discourse and power, which was put forward by the French philosophy Michel Foucault, is more and more frequently employed in literary criticism. As one kind of discourse, conversation plays an essential role in understanding drama, Pygmalion is no exception. Applying the method of stylistic analysis, this paper aims at analyzing the change of power relationships through examining the discourses in Act I and Act V of Pygmalion, and then presents how Eliza changes from a flower girl to a lady through discourse.
Key words: discourse, power, relation, Pygmalion, change
Résumé: La théorie de discours et pouvoir, élaborée par le philosophe français Michel Foucault, est de plus en plus employée dans la critique littéraire. Comme une sorte de discours, la conversation joue un rôle essentiel dans la compréhension du drame, Pygmalion ne fait pas exception. Appliquant la méthode d’analyse stylistique, le présent article vise à étudier le changement de la relation de pouvoir à travers l’examination des discours dans l’Acte I and l’Acte V de Pygmalion, et montre comment Eliza, d’une jeune fille, devient une dame à travers le discours.
Mots-Clés: discours, pouvoir, relation, Pygmalion, changement

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