From Winnie Back to Prometheus: on the Similarities and Differences between Happy Days and Prometheus Bound

Zhi-hua AI

Abstract



Happy Days is a typical absurdist drama written by Samuel Beckett. It is extreme in its use of symbols, comedic in its tone, and devastating in its implications. Structurally, it has much in common with Prometheus Bound, one of the oldest Greek tragedies written by Aeschylus. However, Happy Days is still considered Beckett’s extreme exploration on how much the theatre can do without and still be a theatre. This essay focuses on the similarities and differences between Happy Days and Prometheus Bound, and aims at finding the unique artistic feature of Happy Days.
Key words: Happy Days, Prometheus Bound, similarities, differences
Résumé: Happy Days de Samuel Beckett est une pièce absurde par excellence, dans leque l’utilisation des procédés symbolistes et la création de l’effet comique sont très réussies. De plus, cette pièce revêt une portée profonde. Sur le plan de la structure, il existe beacoup de similitudes entre elle et Prometheus Bound d’Aeschylus adapté d’après la mythologie grecque. Cependant, Happy Days est une tentative hardie de Beckett dans l’essei de théâtre. L’article présent analyse essentiellement les similitudes et les différences entre ces deux grandes oeuvres afin de découvrir les caractéristiques artistiques et le charme de Happy Days.
Mots-Clés: Happy Days, Prometheus Bound, similitudes, différences

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720070304.001

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