Duras and “I”: Characterization of Feminist “I” in Marguerite Duras’s Autobiography: The Lover



Marguerite Duras, a famous French novelist, playwright and film director in the twenties century lets us audience appreciate more of her literary and aesthetic values through the novel The Lover. This essay, based on the detailed analysis of the text The lover, explores the autobiographical features of writing and feminist representation in the novel. Duras handles expertly her autobiographical narration, the relationship between fabrication and reality or the novel and her own life experience. More importantly, Duras, though she never acclaims herself a feminist, creates a very powerful feminist role, “I”. Those features of feminist writing are presented obviously through non-linear or chorological narrative structure, language of stream of unconscious, ungrammatical syntax, libidinal description, lesbian love and dominating role of woman. The novel can undoubtedly be considered as a proclamation of feminists.
Key words: Duras, Autobiography, Feminist
Résumé: Marguerite Duras, romancière française réputée, dramaturge et metteur en scène du 20e siècle, nous permet d’apprécier ses valeurs littéraires et esthétiques à travers son roman L’Amant. L’article présent, basé sur des analyses détaillées du texte de L’Amant, étudie les caractéristiques autobiographiques de l’écriture et la représentation féministe dans ce roman. Duras traite habilement sa narration autobiographique,la relation entre la création et la réalité, celle entre le roman et sa propre expérience. Le plus important, c’est que Duras a créé un rôle féministe tout puissant « Je », bien qu’elle ne se soit jamais proclamée féministe. Ces traits de l’écriture féministe sont présentés évidemment à travers la structure de narration non-linéaire ou chorologique, le langage du courant de conscience, la syntaxe non-grammaticale, la description libidineuse, le lesbianisme et le rôle dominant de la femme. Le roman peut être incontestablement considéré comme une proclamation des féministes.
Mots-Clés: Duras, autobiographie, féministe

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720070301.016


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