Does Population Matter in Accessing Inequality in China

Xiu-li YANG, Yang ZHANG


In accessing inequality all over the world, recent research by Fischer has found an interesting result: without regard to population size, incomes in poor countries grew slower than incomes in rich countries, implying that the poor are falling behind and that cross-country inequality is getting worse. However a population weighted analysis indicates that the poor are growing faster, which implies both catch-up and narrowing inequality. An attempt is made in this paper to examine whether the same pattern of inequality applies to the case of provincial comparison in China. Our finding shows, even after taking into consideration of population and using the improved accessing method, we find no evidence of less inequality across all the people.
Key words: inequality, population weighted, convergence, divergence
Résumé: Sur l’inégalité de l’accès dans le monde entier, les recherches récentes effectuées par Fischer ont trouvé un résultat intéressant : sans relation avec la taille de la population, les revenus dans les pays pauvres croissent plus lentement que dans les pays riches, cela implique que les pauvres sont en retard et que l’inégalité transnationale devient de plus en plus grave. Néanmoins, une analyse qui met l’accent sur la population montre que les pauvres augmentent plus rapidement, qui implique le rattrapage et l’inégalité diminué. L’article présent tente d’examiner si le même modèle d’inégalité est applicable à la comparaison provinciale en Chine. Les résultats montrent que, même en mettant en considération la population et en utilisant la méthode d’accès améliorée, on n’a pas trouvé la preuve d’une inégalité décrue à travers toute la population.
Mots-Clés: inégalité, population qui importe, convergence, divergence

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