The Role of NGOs in the Social Welfare

Jian-xiu GAO

Abstract



Since 1978, the Reform has brought great change in almost every aspect of China, such as economy, politics, social life, and culture awareness, which also can be reflected by development of China’s social organizations, especially Non-governmental organization(NGOs). Social welfare effort to meet societal needs through the provision of concrete resources and services. As NGOs have become increasingly involved in providing health care, education and services to people, they have also become critical in ensuring social welfare. This paper will provide an analysis of the roles that NGOs can play within the realm of social welfare, particularly in the field of alleviating poverty. The paper is organized into three sections. In the first section will provide a brief overview of NGOs development and the roles of NGOs in China. In section two will highlight currently NGOs playing important role in alleviating poverty in China, and in section three will identify the reasons why NGOs play roles in social welfare.
Key words: NGOs, Social Welfare, Poverty
Résumé: Depuis 1978, la Réforme a changé considérablement tous les aspects de la Chine, tels que l’économie, la politique, la vie sociale et la conscience culturelle. Le changement se reflète aussi dans le développement des organisation sociales de Chine, surtout les organisations non gouvernementales(ONG). L’assistance sociale s’efforce de satisfaire les besoins des gens par l’offre des ressources et services concrètes. Comme les ONG s’impliquent de plus en plus dans l’assistance sociale en offrant des soins médicaux, l’aide éducative et des services, elles s’avèrent très importantes dans l’assistance sociale. Cet article analyse les rôles des ONG dans le domaine de l’assistance sociale, notamment dans la diminution de la pauvreté. L’article présent est composé de trois parties. La première partie présente un panorama du développement des ONG et leurs rôles en Chine. La deuxième partie met l’accent sur leurs rôles dans la diminution de la pauvreté en Chine et la dernière partie procède à éclaircir pourquoi les ONG peuvent jouer un rôle dans l’assistance sociale.
Mots-Clés: ONG, assistance sociale, pauvreté

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720060204.003

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