Nigeria: Analysing the Security Challenges of the Goodluck Jonathan Administration

A. J. Omede


The study is a critical analysis of the security challenges confronting the Goodluck Jonathan Administration in Nigeria. Since 2010, The Nigerian nation has on daily basis experience an upsurge of activities that threatens and endangers its national security. Kidnappings, arms proliferation, armed robberies, drug and human trafficking and violence associated with ethnic, religious and political conflicts are among these threats. Recently however, a new dimension of bomb blasts, occurring on a daily-basis, is a major focus of attention in Nigeria’s security analysis. The Boko-Haram Islamic militant sect (literarily translated as Western education is bad)., has been fingered as the perpetrators of the bomb explosions. In view of this scenario, the study examines the impact of these occurrences on Nigeria’s security as well as, examines the responses of government taking into cognizance the public and media reactions to such actions. Finally, the study posited that the impact of the blasts on the people and the polity are ominous and that, there is a higher degree of fear and insecurity. Based on the palpable tension threatening to shatter the fragile thread that binds the people together, the study further made some recommendations on how peace and stability can endure in the country.
Key words: Militant groups; Insecurity; Destruction; Corruption; Instability; Terrorism and ethno-religious crisis

L'étude est une analyse critique de la sécurité défis auxquels l'administration Goodluck Jonathan au Nigeria. Depuis 2010, la Nation Nigériane a quotidiennement l'expérience d'un regain d'activités qui menace et met en danger sa sécurité nationale. Les enlèvements, la prolifération des armes, vols à main armée, de drogue et d'êtres humains et la violence associée aux conflits ethniques, religieuses et politiques sont parmi ces menaces. Récemment, toutefois, une nouvelle dimension d'explosions de bombes, se produisant sur une base quotidienne-, est une préoccupation majeure dans l'analyse de la sécurité du Nigeria. Le Boko Haram secte islamiste (littéralement traduit comme l'éducation occidentale est mauvaise), a été pointé du doigt comme étant les auteurs des attentats à la bombe. Compte tenu de ce scénario, l'étude examine l'impact de ces événements sur la sécurité du Nigeria ainsi que, examine les réponses du gouvernement en prenant en connaître les réactions du public et des médias à de telles actions. Enfin, l'étude postulé que l'impact des explosions sur le peuple et la politique sont inquiétantes et que, il ya un degré élevé de crainte et d'insécurité. Basé sur la tension palpable menaçant de briser le fil fragile qui lie les gens ensemble, l'étude a fait quelques recommandations sur la façon dont la paix et la stabilité peuvent endurer dans le pays.
Mots clés: Groupes militants; Insécurité; Destruction; Corruption; Instabilité; Terrorisme et la Crise Ethno-Religieuse


Militant groups; Insecurity; Destruction; Corruption; Instability; Terrorism and ethno-religious crisis



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