A Probe Into the Narrative Structure of Jude the Obscure

Lingling LI


This paper attempts to explore the narrative structure Hardy employed in Jude the Obscure. Based on close reading and textual analysis of Jude the Obscure, the essay argues that the text takes on the form of circular structure and contrastive symmetry. With such pluralistic forms, a perfect harmony is thus achieved between the content, especially in the tragic themes, and form so as to enhance the tragic effect and irony of the text. It is concluded that both in time span and narrative structure Hardy transcends the 19th century Victorian norms, thus Hardy may be also acknowledged as a modernist writer.



Jude the Obscure; Narrative structure; Circular structure; Symmetry; Contrast

Full Text:



Culler, Jonathan (1975). Structuralist poetics (p.72). Comell University Press.

Giordano, Frank Jr. (1984). “I’d Have My Life Unbe”- Thomas Hardy’s self-destructive characters. Alabama: The University of Alabama Press.

Hardy, F. E. (1962). The life of Thomas Hardy (pp.289, 300). London: Macmillan.

Hardy, Thomas (1991). Jude the Obscure (pp.35-361). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kramer, Dale (1991). Critical approaches of the fiction of Thomas Hardy (164-168). London: Macmillan Press.

Pinion, F. B. (1968). A hardy companion (p.145). London: Macmillan.

Williams, Merryn (2005). A preface to Hardy (p.21). Beijing: Peking University Press.

Zhang, W. N. (2008). On binary oppositions in Jude the Obscure. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 53(12), 8-10.

Zhang, Y. T. (2006). The bewilderment and destruction of female characters in Thomas Hardy’s major novels (57-60). Xi’an: Foreign Institute of Northwest University.

Wang, Y. M. (2003). Form is content: An interpretation of Jude the Obscure. Journal of Foreign Languages and Literature. 20(3), 59-62.

Zhang, Z. Z. (1987). Thomas Hardy’s thinking and writing, (p.70). Beijing: Foreign Languages Teaching & Research Press.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/n


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


Online Submissionhttp://cscanada.org/index.php/sll/submission/wizard


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture