Hallucinations or Realities: The Ghosts in Henry James's The Turn of the Screw
The new governess has profound suspicions that the children are involved with the ghosts; she confronts the children individually and during that inquiring one of the apparitions appears to the governess, bringing the action to a calamity. The girl, Flora, denies having seen the wraiths and, apparently hysterical, is sent to her uncle in London. The boy, Miles, dies in the governess’s arms during the culmination of a psychic battle between the governess and the ghost of Peter Quint.
This paper is an analytical approach to James’s The Turn of the Screw which highlights the contradictory interpretations, as well as the ambiguity of the novella. As its core, and for several reasons that will be explained in more details in this analysis of the narration and the nature of the story The Turn of the Screw by Henry James, it is clear that this story is “psychological thriller” based within the Gothic tradition. Nicole Smith (2011 Fiction) insists that if one wishes to place The Turn of the Screw in the Gothic tradition of literature, it means, by alternative, the elements of ghosts or the supernatural should be present. However, aside from being a mere ghost story or psychological thriller, the fact that the narrator might not be reliable plays into the classification of this story as well and in fact, the question of whether or not the narrator is reliable in James’s story becomes of principal importance. (2011)
Big Books Home. (2006). First Web Report on Serendip.
Goddard, Harold C. (1957). A Pre-Freudian Reading of The Turn of the Screw. Nineteenth Century Fiction, June, 1-36.
Greene, Graham (1952). The Portrait of a Lady. The Lost Childhood and Other Essays. New York: Viking, pp.40-44.
Heilman, Robert B. (1949). The Freudian Reading of The Turn of the Screw. Modern Language Notes, Nov., 433-445.
Hoffman, Charles G. (1953). Innocence and Evil in James’s The Turn of the Screw. The University of Kansas City Review, 20, 97-105.
James, Henry (1981). The Turn of the Screw and Other Short Fiction. Bantam Books, October.
James, Henry (1995). The Turn of the Screw. Boston: St. Martin’s Press.
Kenton, Edna (1924). Henry James to the Ruminant reader: The Turn of the Screw. The Arts, Nov., 245-255.
Parkinson, Edward J. (1991). The Turn of the Screw: A History of Its Critical Interpretations 1898-1979. Saint Louis University
Peter G. Beidler (1989). The Turn of the Screw at the Turn of the Century. Columbia: University of Missoury Press, pp.228.
Reed, Glenn A. (1949). Another Turn on James’s ‘The Turn of the Screw’. American Literature Jan., 413-423.
Renner, Stanley (1995). “Red Hair, very red, close curling”: Sexual Hysteria, Physiognomical Bogeymen, and the ‘Ghosts’. The Turn of the Screw. The Turn of the Screw. Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism. Boston: St. Martin’s Press.
Roellinger, Francis X. (1949). Psychical Research and The Turn of the Screw. American Literature, Jan., 401-412.
Sheaffer-Jones, Caroline (2005). The Subject of Narration: Blanchot and Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw. Colloquy: Text Theory Critique, (10), 231.
Smith, Nicole (2011). Turn of the Screw” by Henry James as a Psychological Thriller? Dec 6, 2011 Fiction.
Veeder, William (1999). The Nurturance of the Gothic. Gothic Studies, 1(1), 47.
Wilson Edmund (1934). The Ambiguity of Henry James. Hound and Horn, Apr.-May, 385-406.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org