Analysis on Lolita’s Tragic Fate and Self-Redemption From the Perspective of Sphinx Factor

Weihua GAO


Lolita’s life is short and tragic. The teenage girl’s Sphinx factor ties her fate to the fate of the three men around her. Based on ethical literary criticism, this paper analyzes the entanglement between Lolita and the fate of the three men in her life under the influence of her sphinx factor. Through the free will of the animal factor of the Sphinx factor, Lolita’s fate is tragically interwoven with Humbert and Quilty’s; through the rational will of human factor of sphinx factor, Lolita and Dick’s destinies are intertwined. The different components of the Sphinx factor affect Lolita’s fate. The existence of the animal factor leads to her tragic fate, but the human factor ultimately overcomes the animal factor and achieves the soul’s self-redemption.


Lolita; Sphinx factor; Tragic fate; Self-redemption

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