International Adjustment: How Self-Initiated Expatriates and Assigned Expatriates Different From Each Other

Mo HU, Yong MENG


Integrating three streams of literature--international adjustment, situation motivation theory and employee self-reliance, this paper creates a theoretical framework of how self-initiated expatriates (SIEs) and assigned expatriates (AEs) differ from each other with respect to adjustment of living and working abroad. A theoretical model for comparing the international adjustment outcomes between SIEs and AEs then is proposed: being intrinsic and indentified motivated and assumed more self-reliant, SIEs have a higher adjustment level compared to AEs. Moreover, it also postulates motivation and self-reliance as antecedents of such differences.


Self-initiated expatriates, Assigned expatriates, International adjustment, motivation, self-reliance

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