Influence of Gender, Spiritual Involvement/Belief and Emotional Stability on Prosocial Behavior among Some Nigerian Drivers

Olukayode Ayooluwa AFOLABI, Emmanuel Oyetunji IDOWU


Past studies focus less on the relationships among emotional stability, spiritual involvement and belief and prosocial behavior, especially among Nigerian Drivers. Therefore, this study investigated the extent at which emotional stability (High and Low), spiritual involvement and belief (High and Low) and gender difference (Male and Female) influenced prosocial behavior among Drivers in Oyo State. A 2×2×2 ANOVA was adopted to study 200 (100 males and 100 female Drivers). Questionnaire was used to gather information and the ages of the respondents ranged between 20 and 56 years (mean = 36.38; SD = 9.722). Results of the 2x2x2 ANOVAemployed indicated that drivers who reported high spiritual involvement/belief were found to be high on prosocial behavior compared to those who are low [F (1,192) = 10.825, p < 0.01]. Also, emotional stability has a significant influence on prosocial behavior [F (1,192) = 4.431, p < 0.05]. However, gender had no significant effect on prosocial behavior among Drivers. There were no significant interaction effects between these variables and prosocial behaviour. It was recommended that in order to enhance prosocial behavior, the level of spiritual involvement and emotional stability among Drivers need to be increased. Besides, it was recommended that appropriate government agencies should be contacted in case of any emergency.


Emotional stability; Spiritual involvement and belief; Gender; Pro-social behavior; Drivers; Oyo State

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