Research on Military-Political Factors in the Transition of the Financial Center in the Sichuan-Chongqing Area Before the Anti-Japanese War

Chengbin LUAN, Chunhua YANG

Abstract


In the modern times, a major event was the transition of the financial center in the Sichuan-Chongqing area, which was caused by the fact that Chongqing was opened as a commercial port. The transition process was basically completed before the Anti-Japanese War. Academic circles have conducted in-depth studies from some factors such as Chongqing’s geography and transport, but the researches on the military-political factors in the transition are seldom made, especially on “the War of Two Warlords Surnamed Liu”, namely, war between two warlords of Liu Xiang and Liu Wenhui, before the unification of Sichuan Government, resulting in the establishment of Chongqing financial advantages; in addition, the research on how the Nanjing Government selected and established Chongqing as the financial center of the home front is less conducted. As a matter of fact,before “the War of Two Warlords Surnamed Liu”,Chongqing-centered financial circles have the advantages, but are insufficient to cover and radiate the Chengdu-centered financial circles.The ultimate victory of Liu Xiang military-political group played a pivotal role in the long-term transition, thereafter, Chiang Kai-shek group expelled Liu Xiang group out of the nest of Chongqing because of dual political scheme of “suppressing the communist and intending on Sichuan”, furthermore, strived to establish Chongqing as the financial center of the Anti-Japanese War and the founding of the state. Finally, the goal has come true through the baptism of the Anti-Japanese War.


Keywords


Sichuan; Chongqing; Financial center; Transition; Liu Xiang

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References


Fu, C. J. (Ed.). (1987). Chengdu overview (Book 6, pp.312-299). Bashu Publishing House.

Tian, M. D., & Wu, R. Y. (Eds.). (1989). Sichuan monetary and financial annals during the Republic of China (1911-1949). Press of Southwestern University of Finance and Economics.

Zhang, X. J., & Zhang, L. H. (1993, October). The history of Chengdu city. Chengdu Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/4060

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