Structural Review of Rent Government and Its Effect on Democracy Process
Rent state is one of the theories that many analysts and researchers working on matters regarding developing countries have used to justify the lack of political and economical development in countries relying on revenues obtained from external resources called rent. Specifically, this theory concerns with the states relying heavily on godsend revenues: revenues generally obtained from natural and underground resources for instance, oil. According to the theory, rent states tend to exhibit qualities of self-sufficiency by using the revenues accrued from these natural sources to stabilize themselves and their intimate companions in the political, economic and other areas of cooperation. In this paper, various works of writers and theorists of rent state have been analyzed with specific emphasis on the notion that the structure of rent governments is an important obstacle to the formation of a democratic and politically developed society. The paper further emphasizes that such conditions eventually result in the development of non-democratic and authoritative regimes in those countries regardless of the rent resource being employed. Consequently, the probability of political and economic corruption, and the jeopardizing of civil society organizations increases beyond limit, to a large extent, in order to preserve individual authority and control of the god-given wealth.
Key words: State; Rent states; Democracy
Ahmad, Meydari (1994, Autumn). The Lack of Symmetry of Information of Rent Resource. Quarterly of Rahbord, 4, 40-45.
Amir Mohammad, Haji Yousefi (1998). Relative Independence of State or Civil Society About I. R Iran. Quarterly Motaleaate Rahbordi, 2, 75.
Amir Mohammad, Haji Yousefi (2000). Rentier, State and Penetration: Israel, Aids of USA and Middle-East Peace. Quarterly of Palestine Studies, 118.
Amir Mohammad, Haji Yousefi (2007). Rent, Rentier State and Rentism: A Conceptual Review. Political Information, 131, 86.
Amir Mohammad, Haji Yousefi (2009). State of Oil and Economical Development in Iran (pp. 36, 38-39). Tehran, the Center for Documents of Islamic Revolution.
Alan Dahl, R., Shapiro, I., & Cheibub, J. A. (2003). The Democracy Sourcebook. MIT Press.
Barak, A. (2006). The Judge in a Democracy (p. 27). Princeton University Press.
Beblawi, Hazem (1987). The Rentier State in the Arab World (pp. 12-13). Press Croom Helm.
Chatelous, Michael (1990). Policies for Development: Attitude Toward Industry and Service. In I. G. Luciani (Ed.), The Arab State (pp. 104-105, 127). University of California Press.
Giddens, Anthony (1995). Sociology Trandslated by Manochehr Sabouri (p. 361). Tehran, Ney Publication.
Guido, Ashoff (1989). Seeking Rent, a New Concept in Economical Theory of Political and the Debate on Development Theory. Economics, 40, 7-41.
Hajjariyan, Saeed (1995). Inharmonious of Political Development Process in Surrounding Countries. Quarterly of Rahbord, 2, 55.
Hamed, Taher Shah (1999). Rentism in Iran and Transition to Civil Society Monthly. The New Issues of Economy Soth Issue, September, 13-14.
Hamilton, Edrian (1986). Oil: The Price of Power (pp. 14-26).
Hantigton, P., Samual (1991). The Third Wave, Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century (pp. 312-316). University of Oklahama Press.
Katouziyn (2000). Political Economy of Iran (pp. 145, 147). Tehran, Markaz.
Kazemi-Ali, Asghar (1999). International Relations in Theory and in Parcticve (pp. 8, 85). Tehran, Ghoomess Publication.
Lasky, Harold (1935). The State in Theory and Practice. The Viking Press.
Luciani, Giacomo (1994). The Fiscal Crisis of the State and Democratization Without Democracy. In I. B. Chassan Salam, Turis (Ed.), The Renewal of Politics in the Muslim World (pp. 131-140).
Meshkini, Ghadir Nasri (2005). Rentier State and the Project of Securins National Security. Qquarterly of Motaleaate Rahbordi, 1, 211.
Meshkini, Ghadirf Nasr (2007). Forming Factors and the Obstacles of Convergence in Persian Glulf Region. Quarterly Middle-East Studies, 16, 86.
Motevasseli, Mahmoud (2002). Privatization or Desirable Combination of State and Market. Commercial Studies and Researches (p. 95). Tehran.
Pears, David (1992). The Mit Dictionary of Modern Economic (4th ed., p. 372). Britain, The MIT.
Seifzadeh Hossein (1992). The Principles of International Relation (p. 94). Tehran, Dadgostar Publication.
Shekari, Abdulghayoum (2000). The Theory of Rentier State and Islamic Revolution (pp. 32, 33-34). Press Markaz.
- There are currently no refbacks.
How to do online submission to another Journal?
If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:
1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author
Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.
Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture
Address: 730, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138