Urban Landscape Planning and Soil Variation in Nigeria: Lokoja as a Case Study

Michael Oloyede Alabi


The legacies of the colonial masters of a well landscaped environment have been left to rot due to negligence and increase need for urban land for anthropogenic activities. This had led to recent attempts of revival by the government through tree planting campaigns, which have not yielded desired result. Soil factor have been found to be neglected in landscaping the urban environment, this have been attributed to failure of landscaping attempts in the study area. This research attempted to find the relationship between the vegetation species distribution and soil physical properties with use of spearman’s correlation coefficient. The findings show that relationship between vegetation species distribution and soil physical properties are not significant, this may mean that there are other factors that must be considered in determining why certain species of plant thrive in certain areas than the other.

Key words: Soil degradation; Colonial legacies; Landscaping; Vegetation species


Soil degradation, Colonial legacies, Landscaping, Vegetation species


Alabi, M. O., Ufuah, M. E. (2007). An Assessment of Farmland Conversion to Built Environment on the Bank of the River Niger in Lokoja. Environmental Research Digest, Ambrose Ali University , Ekpoma, 2(1),11-19.

Adesina, F. A. (1989). Plant Species Characteristics and Vegetation Dynamics in the Tropics. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 33, 67-78.

Areola, O. (1993). Soil and Vegetal Resources of Nigeria. In a Geography of Nigerian Development (pp. 105-126). (Oguntoyinbo et al. Eds.). Heinemann Education Books Nigeria.

Bowman, B. C. (2000). Tropical Rain Forests. Progress in Physical Geography, 2, 103-109.

Beatley, T. (2000). Green Urbanism. Learning from European Cities. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Essaghah, A. (1997). Urban Planning Concepts , Standards and Symbols (pp. 59-62). Amfitop Books Nig. Ltd., Lagos, Nigeria.

Isah, A. D., Shinkan, M. A. (2000). Soil Vegetation of Northern Nigeria (pp. 44-46). Hybrid Publisher’s Ltd.

McMahon, E. T., & Benedict, M. A. (2003). Green Infrastructure. Smart Conservation for the 21st Century: Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse Monograph Series. Retrieved from http://www.sprawlwatch.org/greeninfrastructure.pdf

National Population Commission. (NPC) (2006). Kogi State Population Gazzet.

Ocheja, D. H. (2005). Lokoja, the Mother of Nigeria, History from 1800-2005 (pp. 13-39). Booby Press, Lokoja,Nigeria.

Oduwaye, A. O. (1998). Urban Landscape Planning Experience in Nigeria. Journal of Landscape and Urban Planning, 43(1-3),133-142.

Phil-eze, P. O. (1995). Vegetation Response to Site Factors in the Savannah Region of Nsukka Plateau of Southern Nigeria (Unpublished Phd Thesis). University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Ramsey, D.,& Leeuw, P.N. (1965). An Analysis of Nigerian Savannah: The Vegetation of the Middle Gongola Region by Soil Parent Materials. Journal of Ecology, 52, 43-65.

Scalenghe, R. & Marsan, A. ( 2009). The Anthropogenic Sealing of Soils in Urban Areas. Journal of Landscape and Urban Planning, 90,1-10.

Ukpong, I. E. (2000). Environmental Determinant of Mangrove Vegetation Structure as Reviewed by Regression Analysis. Published Journal of Ecology, 69-78.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720120805.1090


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture