Politics of Ethnic Participation During Khatami’s Presidency in Iran (1997- 2004)

Majid khorshidi, Vahid Amani Zoeram, Lee Yok Fee, Jayum A. Jawan

Abstract


Political participation is considered the most effective instrument for preserving citizens' freedom and rights in modern governments. Moreover, Political participation, as one of the aspects of social participation plays undoubtedly a prominent role in decreasing discrimination against minorities in the contemporary democratic societies. The reformist administration which governed Iran for eight years (1997-2004) and was established on (ex) president Khatami’s ideas and was headed by him, managed some steps toward promoting democracy in Iran. Beside its nation-wide efforts, the administration had its specific ethnic diversity management which encouraged the ethnic groups’ social as well as political participation. Through analysing the data collected by several in-depth interviews with the Iranian elites, this research minds to explore Khatami’s administration policies in the field of promoting ethnic groups participation. Collected data emphasizes on relative success of the administration achieving its aims.
Key words: Ethnic group; Participation; Political Party; NGO; Khatami’s Administration

La participation politique est considéré comme l'instrument le plus efficace pour préserver la liberté des citoyens et des droits dans les gouvernements modernes. Par ailleurs, la participation politique, comme l'un des aspects de la participation sociale joue indubitablement un rôle important dans la diminution discrimination contre les minorités dans les sociétés démocratiques contemporains. L'administration réformiste qui a présidé à l'Iran pendant huit ans (1997-2004) et a été établie sur des idées (ex) président Khatami et a été dirigée par lui, géré quelques mesures visant à promouvoir la démocratie en Iran. Outre ses efforts à l'échelle nationale, l'administration avait sa gestion spécifique de la diversité ethnique qui a encouragé la participation des groupes ethniques »sociales aussi bien que politiques. En analysant les données recueillies par plusieurs entrevues en profondeur avec les élites iraniennes, cette esprit de recherche à explorer les politiques d'administration Khatami dans le domaine de la promotion de la participation des groupes ethniques. Les données recueillies met l'accent sur le succès relatif de l'administration atteindre ses objectifs.
Mots-clés: Groupe ethnique; Participation; Partis politiques; ONG; Administration Khatami


Keywords


Groupe ethnique; Participation; Canadian;Social Science;Partis politiques; ONG; Administration Khatami;Ethnic group; Participation; Political Party; NGO; Khatami’s Administration

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110704.088

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