Lokoja Urban Water Supply as a Basic Service Programme: A Critical Appraisal of Achievements and Failures, 1991-2011

Ali S. Yusufu Bagaji, Natala Yakubu, Abu Maji

Abstract


On the 27th August, 1991, through a Presidential announcement, Lokoja became the capital of Kogi state, Nigeria. Prior to this time, it was a Local Government Headquarters. Due to the sudden transformation to a state capital, and coupled with serious neglect of water supply infrastructures, Lokoja immediately started to experience unprecedented water supply problems. This article examines the conditions of water supply infrastructures, population growth vis-à-vis water supply and demand in Lokoja before 1991, and up to 2011. In addition, the article appraised what successive governments in Kogi state had done to ameliorate the water crises and noted with concern that, its achievement had been negligible and negligent. The article concludes that, for sustainability of the giant strides made in the water sector between 2008 and 2011, both the government and the consumers should change their attitude in favour of “waterwise” and “green economy” approaches.
Key words: Urban population growth; Water supply and demand; Water supply infrastructures; Water supply targets; Water crisis; Waterwise; Green economy


Résumé: Le 27 août 1991, par une annonce présidentielle, Lokoja devint la capitale de l'Etat de Kogi, au Nigéria. Avant cette époque, il était un quartier général de l'administration 1 locale. En raison de la transformation soudaine d'une capitale de l'Etat, et couplé à une négligence grave des infrastructures d'approvisionnement en eau, a immédiatement commencé à Lokoja expérience sans précédent des problèmes d'approvisionnement en eau. Cet article examine les conditions des infrastructures d'approvisionnement en eau, la croissance de la population l'approvisionnement en eau vis-à-vis et la demande dans Lokoja avant 1991, et jusqu'en 2011. En outre, l'article évalué ce que les gouvernements successifs de l'Etat de Kogi avait fait pour améliorer les crises de l'eau et a noté avec préoccupation que, sa réalisation avait été négligeable et la négligence. L'article conclut que, pour la durabilité du fait des pas de géant dans le secteur de leau entre 2008 et 2011, le gouvernement et les consommateurs doivent changer leur attitude en faveur du “Econeau” et les approches de “l’économie verte”.
Mots clés: La croissance démographique urbaine; L'approvisionnement en eau et de la demande; Les infrastructures d'approvisionnement en eau; Les cibles d'approvisionnement en eau; La crise de l'eau; Le Waterwise; L’économie verte


Keywords


Urban population growth; Water supply and demand; Water supply infrastructures; Water supply targets; Water crisis; Waterwise; Green economy;Canadian;Social Science;La croissance démographique urbaine; L'approvisionnement en eau et de la demande

References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110704.048

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