Ethnic Politics and Conflicts in Nigeria’s First Republic: The Misuse of Native Administrative Police Forces (NAPFS) and the Tiv Riots of Central Nigeria,1960-1964
Key words: Ethnic Politics; Conflicts; Central Nigeria; Tiv Riots
Résumé: Cette étude examine l'explosion des conflits ethno-politiques violents dans le centre du Nigéria des années 60. A la conquête de l'indépendance, le Nigéria se composait de trois régions vaguement fusionnées qui sont plus tard métamorphosées en trois pouvoirs politiques basés sur l'ethnie, à savoir: le congrès du peuple du Nord (CPN), le Conseil national du Nigéria et du Cameroun (CNNC) à l'Est, et le Groupe d'action (GA) à l'Ouest. Avec cette structure politique, la semence de la domination de la minorité était déjà semé. L'objectif principal de cet article est d'étudier la résistance des Tivs à la direction despotique de l'ethnie Haousa / Fulani avec leur instrument de coercition, les Forces policières administratives autochtones (FSPAA). A partir de cette étude, on peut tirer des leçons sur la culture du régionalisme coloniale britannique qui favorise la crise de la construction nationale au Nigéria.
Mots-clés: Politiques ethniques; Conflits; Centre du Nigéria; Émeutes des Tivs
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