The Call of the Wild —— An Eco-critical Reading of The Old Man and the Sea

Yan YU

Abstract


Under the circumstances of the severe ecological crisis, ecocriticism has become a hot topic. In recent years, the natural world in Hemingway’s works has come into the view of the ecocritics. This paper is, according to the theory of ecocriticism, to interpret Hemingway’s masterpiece The Old Man and the Sea from the perspective of anti-ecology, which is often neglected by traditional literary critics. Through thorough analysis of the text, the author claims that the novella has presented the protagonist, Santiago’s anti-ecological-consciousness. At the same time, it further reflects the ambivalent attitude of Hemingway himself towards nature: reverence for nature and desire to conquer nature.
Key words: Anti-ecological-consciousness; Ecocriticism; Ernest Hemingway

Résumé: Dans les circonstances d'une grave crise écologique, l'écocriticisme est devenu un sujet brûlant. Ces dernières années, le monde naturel dans les oeuvres d'Hemingway est entré dans la vue de l'écocritiques. Cet article est, selon la théorie de l'écocriticisme, d'interpréter le chef d'oeuvre de Hemingway "Le Vieil Homme et la mer" du point de vue anti-écologique, qui est souvent négligée par les critiques littéraires traditionnels. Grace à une analyse approfondie du texte, l'auteur affirme que le roman a présenté la consicence anti-écologique du protagoniste, Santiago. En même temps, il reflète en outre l'attitude ambivalente de Hemingway lui-même envers la nature: le respect de la nature et le désir de conquérir la nature.
Mots-clés: Conscience anti écologique; Écocritisme; Ernest Hemingway

Keywords


Anti-ecological-consciousness; Ecocriticism; Ernest Hemingway;Conscience anti écologique; Écocritisme; Ernest Hemingway

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110703.026

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