Ethnic Identity in an Intercultural Geography: An Empirical Study

Moisès Esteban Guitart

Abstract


This study explored the ethnic identity among 331 emerging adults (144 mestizos and 187 indigenous) from the Intercultural University of Chiapas (México). Scholars suggest that ethnicity is much more salient for ethnic minority adolescents than for adolescents who are members of the ethnic majority. Our aim was to compare the results of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) between the majority ethnic group and the minority group studied. Specifically, the following hypothesis was examined: adolescents who are members of the ethnic minority group (indigenous) will score significantly higher on ethnic identity than adolescents who are members of the ethnic majority group (mestizos). The results supported these hypothesis. We suggest that the effect of an intercultural educative model could explain these results. Key words: Ethnic identity; Emerging adults; Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM); Intercultural educational modelRésumé: Cette étude a exploré l'identité ethnique parmi les 331 adultes naissants (144 métis et 187 indigènes) de l'université interculturelle deChiapas (México). Les chercheurs proposent que l'appartenance ethnique soit beaucoup plus saillante pour des adolescents de minorité ethnique que pour les adolescents qui sont des membres de la majorité ethnique. Notre but était de comparer les résultats de la mesure d'identité ethnique de Multigroup (MEIM) entre l'ethnie de majorité et le groupe minoritaire étudiés. Spécifiquement, l'hypothèse suivante a été examinée: les adolescents qui sont des membres du groupe minoritaire ethnique (indigène) marqueront sensiblement plus haut sur l'identité ethnique que les adolescents qui sont des membres du groupe ethnique de majorité (métis). Les résultats ont soutenu cette hypothèse. Nous proposons que l'effet d'un modèle éducatif interculturel pourrait expliquer ces résultats. Mots clés: Identité ethnique; Adultes naissants; Mesure d'identité ethnique de Multigroup (MEIM); Modèle éducatif interculturel

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110702.009

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