Resolution to Conflict of Competency of Evidence: The Analysis based on legal culture and litigant system

Weimin YIN


Competency of evidence is a qualification for evidence materials to be used as evidence in the procedure. Due to different legal culture, litigant mode and litigant system, there are differences concerning competency of evidence between continental genealogy of law and Anglo-American genealogy of law, which block the globalization of competency of evidence. So,the solution to conflict of competency of evidence depends on the conflict rule, the making of conflict rule should consider fully the purpose which the court desired in one case,the role of competency of evidence rule in the procedure and principle of conflict law. Key words: Competency of Evidence; Legal Culture; Litigant Mode; Litigant System; Conflict Rule Résumé: La compétence de la preuve est une qualification des matériels de preuves pouvant être utilisés comme preuve dans la procédure. Selon de différentes cultures juridiques, de différents modes et systèmes justiciables, il existe des différences concernant la compétence de la preuve entre la généalogie du droit continental et la généalogie du droit anglo-américaine, qui bloquent la mondialisation de la compétence de la preuve. La solution de conflit de compétence de la preuve repose donc sur la règle de conflit. La prise de règle de conflit devrait prendre en considération de manière approfondie l’objetif du tribunal dans un cas, le rôle de la règle de compétence de la preuve dans la procédure et le principe du droit des conflits. Mots clés: Compétence de la preuve; Culture juridique; Mode justiciable; Système justiciable; Règle de conflit

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