Library and Information Services to the Visually Impaired-The Role of Academic Libraries

Babalola, Yemisi T., Haliso Yacob

Abstract


Abstract: Libraries have a moral obligation to make information available to all categories of users regardless of their gender, age, race, political affiliation or disability. However, a lot of people have limited access to information materials most especially in developing countries like Nigeria. A review of the literature shows that library and information services to the visually impaired in Nigeria is largely undertaken by Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Years of underfunding and neglect has weakened the functionality of the public libraries in this regard. Using the interview method, the study assessed library and information provision to the visually impaired by academic libraries across the country. The findings revealed that none of the libraries surveyed has Braille book, talking books, talking newspaper and assistive technologies were not available in the libraries. The only materials that were available were a few audio books. The study suggested some practical solutions to improving library and information services to the visually handicapped in Nigeria. Key words: Visually impaired; Library and information services; Nigeria; Academic libraries; Assistive technology; Information; Social inclusionRésumé: Les bibliothèques ont une obligation morale de rendre l'information accessible à toutes les catégories d'utilisateurs, indépendamment de leur sexe, âge, race, appartenance politique ou d'un handicap. Cependant, beaucoup de gens ont un accès limité aux documents d'information plus particulièrement dans les pays en développement comme le Nigeria. Une revue de la littérature montre que le service d'information et les bibliothèque pour les malvoyants au Nigeria est en grande partie menées par les agences non gouvernementales (NGO). Aa cet égard, les années de sous-financement et de la négligence a affaibli la fonctionnalité des bibliothèques publiques. En utilisant la méthode de l'entretien, l'étude a évalué la bibliothèques et la disposition des informations pour des malvoyants par des bibliothèques universitaires à travers le pays. Les résultats ont révélé qu'aucun des bibliothèques interrogées a un livre en braille, livres sonores, journaux parlants et de technologies d'assistance ne sont pas disponibles dans les bibliothèques. Les seuls matériaux qui étaient disponibles étaient quelques livres audio. L'étude suggère quelques solutions pratiques pour améliorer la bibliothèque et les services de l’information pour les malvoyants au Nigeria. Mots clés: Déficience visuelle; Bibliothèque et services d'information; Le Nigeria; Les bibliothèques universitaires; Technologie d’aides; L'information; L'inclusion sociale

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110701.015

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